Landlord-tenant law governs the rental of commercial and residential property. It is composed primarily of state statutory and common law. A number of states have based their statutory law on either the Uniform Residential Landlord And Tenant Act (URLTA) or the Model Residential Landlord-Tenant Code. Federal statutory law may be a factor in times of national/regional emergencies and in preventing forms of discrimination. Continue reading
In common usage,evictionis the process used by landlords to recover possession of leased real property from tenants who do not want to leave. Evictions are difficult, painful, and expensive for all parties involved.
SOURCES OF LAW
Eviction is governed by six basic types of rules: state law, local law, leases, federal law, the common law, and court rules. Most states regulate residental renting, including the eviction process. Many base their laws on the Uniform Residential Landlord And Tenant Act (URLTA) or the Model Residential Landlord-Tenant Code. Cities, counties, and other local governments often supplement these regulations. Landlords and tenants may further regulate evictions through lease terms. For example, leases might specify the form and timing of eviction notices. Lease provisions may overrule some common law rules, but may not conflict with official regulations. Continue reading
On February 19, 1942, two months after the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, President Franklin D. Roosevelt issued Executive Order 9066. In this one-page decree, the president used his authority as the commander-in-chief to authorize the U.S. military to “exclude” 122,000 Japanese Americans — more than half of them U.S. citizens — from their homes and businesses and relocate them to isolated and desolate internment camps
. A month later, Congress passed Public Law 503, making it a federal offense to disobey the president’s executive order. Continue reading