In New York State, most adoption petitions are filed in the county where the adoptive parents live. Depending on the county, the Family Court or the Surrogate’s Court decide adoption cases.
A Family Court or Surrogate’s Court Judge must approve all adoptions. This is done by signing an Order of Adoption.
There are two kinds of adoptions in New York, agency adoptions and private placement adoptions. The procedure is a little different between the two types of adoptions.
Most adoptions are of children under the age of 18.