Single-parent adoptions. Single persons may adopt children, although some agencies strongly prefer to place a child with a married couple. Other agencies particularly those dealing with children who might be hard to place are willing to place a child with a single person. Single-parent adoptions usually are possible in private adoptions.
As with adoptions sought by a couple, a single person who seeks to adopt a child must be approved by a social service investigator and show that appropriate arrangements have been made for care of the child.
Adoption by lesbian or gay couples. Some states-including New York and California-allow gay and lesbian couples to adopt a child. Other states do not allow such adoptions, and many states have laws that are unclear regarding whether it is permissible for two persons of the same sex to adopt a child.