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HOW TO SERVE LEGAL PAPERS ON TD BANK

TD bank

Undisputed Legal | Process Service

TD Bank, N.A. is a subsidiary of Toronto-Dominion Bank, a Canadian multinational, and an American national bank. It is mainly active along the East Coast of the United States, in fifteen different states and the District of Columbia. Due to many mergers and acquisitions, TD Bank is the United States’ seventh-largest bank by deposits and the country’s ninth-largest bank by total assets. Cherry Hill, New Jersey is home to T.D. Bank N.A.

In addition to banking products, TD Bank and its subsidiaries offer customers tailored private banking and wealth management services via TD Wealth and car finance and dealer commercial services through TD Auto Finance.

HISTORY OF TD BANK

After the Portland Savings Bank, the entity became Banknorth in its capacity as its successor.  After acquiring Commerce Bank and merging with TD Banknorth, the bank changed its name to TD Bank, N.A. on May 31, 2008. In its American activities, the bank is known officially by the letters ‘TD,’ which were originally popularized in Canada.

As of 2010, TD Bank N.A. has bought the South Financial Group, which had 172 locations throughout the Carolinas and Florida. Carolina First, with branches in North and South Carolina, and Mercantile Bank, having branches in Florida, were purchased for about USD 191 million by South Financial, the parent company. The TD Bank name was adopted by the former South Financial branch locations.

As of 2013, the headquarters of TD Bank, N.A. has been moved to Cherry Hill, New Jersey. In addition to Target, NordicTrack, and Tourneau, TD also offers an increasing number of private-label cards under the Nordstrom brand. TD Bank calls itself America’s Most Convenient Bank and is one of the ten biggest banks in the U.S. with strong roots in the region going back more than a hundred years. TD Bank provides a wide variety of retail, small business, and commercial banking products and services to millions of clients via its vast network of hundreds of convenient locations and ATMs. 

TD BANK IN CANADA

The Toronto-Dominion Bank (called the Banque Toronto-Dominion) is a Canadian multinational banking and financial services company based in Toronto, Ontario. Commonly known as TD and functioning as TD Bank Group (Groupe Banque TD), the bank was established on 1st February 1955, via the merging of the Bank of Toronto and The Dominion Bank, which had been founded in 1855 and 1869, respectively. This is one of the twin Big Five banks established in Toronto, and the other is the Canadian Imperial Bank of Commerce. 

According to Standard & Poor’s matrices, TD Bank Group was the biggest bank in Canada by total assets, the second greatest by market cap, a top-ten bank in North America, and the 26th largest bank in the world.  In 2019, it was named a worldwide systemically significant bank by the Financial Stability Board.

In Canada, the bank operates as TD Canada Trust and services more than eleven million clients. In the United States, the business operates as TD Bank, which was formed via the merger of TD Banknorth and Commerce Bank. TD Bank services more than six million clients in the United States with a network in sixteen states and the District of Columbia.

LEGAL ACTIONS AGAINST TD BANK 

In October 2012, the Massachusetts attorney general revealed that TD Bank lost unencrypted backup tapes containing ‘significant customer information, including Social Security numbers and bank account numbers.’ The bank originally declined to disclose however many clients were impacted. After such an investigation by the attorney general, they claimed over two hundred thousand clients bore the effects. The bank delayed upwards of six months to inform consumers, although the bank later agreed to pay USD 625,000 and tighten security practices to resolve the probe.

In October 2015, a class-action lawsuit was filed against TD Bank alleging that it violated the Telephone Consumer Protection Act of 1991. The complaint claimed that the bank phoned customers up to ten times each day. 

SUBSIDIARIES OF TD BANK

TD BANKNORTH HOUSING INVESTMENT FUND LP

TD Banknorth Housing Investment Fund LP is a domestic entity in Delaware, set up on 1st March 2006. The entity is categorized as a limited partnership company, retaining a registered agent for New Jersey Process Service in the state of Delaware. A limited partnership is one method that individuals may structure their business to safeguard the assets of the shareholders. With a limited partnership, the limited partners are solely accountable for the litigation or debts for which they are personally responsible. On the other hand, general partners bear responsibility for all of the financial commitments of a business.

Typically, general partners have all the duties and privileges of operating a corporate organization according to Process Service requirements. This covers the operations and financial issues of the corporate entity. Broad partners also hold general responsibility for the obligations, debts, and actions of the limited partnership.

Usually, limited partners do not engage in the properties or administration of the company at all when it comes to Process Service guidelines. Limited partners must avoid engaging in the company’s management on any level. If a limited partner engages in the administration of the firm, they will no longer be exempt from personal responsibility for debts and litigation connected to the business.

The Limited Partnership Act in Delaware regulates limited partnerships and Process Services thereof. The Limited Partnership Act permits the establishment of a partnership as long as the partnership has at least one general partner and additional limited partners to accept Process Service. To establish, operate, or terminate a limited partnership in Delaware, individuals need to follow all the filing procedures and state standards that come with Process Service. A Limited Liability Partnership is often formed by licensed professionals such as a group of attorneys, accountants, or physicians because they generally protect each individual partner from liability for the professional malpractice of all other partners. However, any group of two or more people can form an LLP in Delaware, as long as Process Service is provided to the Division of Corporations. 

TD Banknorth Housing Investment Fund LP retains the Corporation Trust Company as the registered agent for Process Service. 

TD BANK US HOLDING COMPANY

TD Bank US Holding Company is a general corporation for purposes of Process Service,  incorporated in the state of Delaware. TD Bank US Holding Company acts as a holding company. The Bank, via its subsidiaries, offers consumer loans, commercial loans, mortgage loans, deposit products, trust services, online banking, credit cards, insurance, and investment management services.

A holding company is a parent business entity—usually, a corporation or LLC—that will not really produce anything, offer any goods or services or perform any other commercial activities. Its aim, as the name suggests, is to hold the controlling stock or membership interests in other businesses. TD Bank US Holding Company is located in Portland, United States and is part of the Depository Credit Intermediation industry, and should receive Process Service as such. This is a subset of the finance and insurance industry as intimated by the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) metric. As such this classification comprises establishments primarily engaged in accepting deposits (or share deposits) and in lending funds from these deposits. Within this group, industries are defined on the basis of differences in the types of deposit liabilities assumed and in the nature of the credit extended.

For financial reporting, their fiscal year ends on October 31st. On 25th August 2004, TD Bank US Holding Company was incorporated in Delaware, rendering it under Delaware jurisdiction in its capacity for Process Service. The entity retains the Corporation Service Company as a registered agent for Process Service. 

TD BANK NA

TD Bank, N.A., is an American national bank and subsidiary of the Canadian multinational Toronto-Dominion Bank for purposes of Process Service. Additionally, TD and its subsidiaries provide private banking, wealth management, and asset management services via its TD Asset Management and TD Wealth divisions. Deposit accounts, residential and commercial mortgages, business and personal loans, insurance, investment planning, and wealth management are all available via TD.  The Toronto-Dominion Bank affiliate operates the bank, whose original Canada parent company is also known as TD Bank. The entity can be reached via telephone or mail to receive the process service.

For financial reporting and Process Service, the fiscal year for TD Bank, N.A  ends on December 31st.

TD GROUP US HOLDINGS LLC

TD Bank US Holding Company should not be confused with  TD Group US Holdings LLC, since they are both different for purposes of Process Service.  TD Group US Holdings LLC is incorporated in the state of Delaware. The entity retains Corporation Trust Company as its registered agent for Process Service. As such, TD Group US Holdings LLC would be classified as a domestic limited liability company in the state of Delaware in accordance with Process Service norms.

A Delaware LLC is an exceptionally flexible company structure with minimal start-up expenses and an inexpensive Franchise Tax.   The characteristics of a Delaware limited liability corporation and its Process Service requirements, when coupled with non-U.S. source revenue, imply non-resident aliens of the United States may circumvent U.S. taxation when utilizing an LLC for Process Service.

The Delaware LLC is a genuinely unique corporate organization in that the structure of the company and the Process Service regulations that govern the members of the company are included in a contract called the operating agreement, which is created by the firm’s members. The operating agreement may be modified to allow for any terms the members and/or founders desire according to law and Process Service. The contractual freedom provided by the state of Delaware is unequaled by any other LLC legislation in any other state. 

LLCs provide members asset protection from liability and creditors because a restriction on personal responsibility implies that LLC members cannot be held accountable for an amount greater than the original investment in the LLC, even if a member engages in management. 

It is important to ensure that the name of the Delaware LLC is unique and available in the State of Delaware. Thereinafter, the entity may file the certificate of formation in accordance with Process Service, a process commonly referred to as ‘incorporating.’ Incorporation is the formal creation of the entity by the Delaware Secretary of State. 

It is also imperative to obtain a Federal Tax ID to further Process Service. If the company will be realizing any U.S.-sourced income, they will be required to have a Federal Tax ID number, also known as an Employer Identification Number (EIN). This number is assigned by the Internal Revenue Service (IRS).

Generally, regardless of what kind of company is being run, the owners are going to need to acquire and maintain a business license (and potentially more than one) (and possibly more than one). Special permissions may also be needed, depending on local and federal laws and that particular business.

It is important to verify if the entity has the necessary licenses and permissions before they begin operating to avoid fines for non-compliance.

The LLC Operating Agreement is also a necessary and basic document for the business and Process Service. It enables the owners, known as members, to create ownership shares, obligations, and any other Process Service conditions they want to codify. In Delaware, this document is kept internally by the LLC (not submitted with the state or on public record), but is nonetheless admissible in court and respected as Process Service guidelines dictate in most instances

TD BANKNORTH INC

TD Banknorth, National Association is located in Mahwah, NJ, United States and is part of the Depository Credit Intermediation industry. The entity is incorporated in the state of Delaware, being in the business of state commercial banks, as per the Standard Industrial Classification system used by the SEC. 

TD Banknorth, previously Banknorth, was a wholly-owned subsidiary of The Toronto-Dominion Bank that performed banking and insurance operations, mainly servicing the northeastern region of the United States, based in Portland, Maine. The bank renamed itself TD Bank, N.A. on May 31, 2008.  In August 2004, Toronto-Dominion Bank would become the majority owner, calling it ‘TD Banknorth, N.A.’ and the remaining assets of TD Banknorth were purchased by Toronto-Dominion Bank on April 20, 2007.

Its operational businesses were Banknorth Connecticut, Peoples Heritage Bank (in Maine), Banknorth Massachusetts, Bank of New Hampshire, Evergreen Bank (in New York), Hudson United Bank, Banknorth Vermont, and Banknorth Insurance Group. The bulk of these businesses were branded as TD Banknorth of State (example ‘TD Banknorth of Maine’) (example ‘TD Banknorth of Maine’).

On April 10, 2008, TD Banknorth combined with New Jersey-based Commerce Bank to create TD Bank, with joint offices in Cherry Hill, New Jersey, and Portland, Maine. The official designation of the institution was converted to TD Bank, N.A. on May 31, 2008, with all TD Banknorth branches beyond New England and all Commerce Bank branches being renamed in the autumn of 2008. The remaining branches, throughout New England, adopted the new moniker in September 2009.

The entity may be served at its principal office, accepting personal and mail service. However, process service may also be levied upon the CEO or other higher officers in the business. 

TD AMERITRADE

TD Ameritrade is a dealer that provides an electronic trading framework for the trade of financial assets such as common stocks, preferred stocks, futures contracts, exchange-traded funds, forex, options, cryptocurrency, mutual funds, fixed income investments, margin lending, and cash management services. The business receives profit through interest income on margin accounts, fees for order execution, and payment for order flow. The business is a subsidiary of Charles Schwab Corporation and its services and accounts will be merged with those of Schwab by 2023. Its activities are in the process of being relocated to Schwab’s headquarters in Westlake, Texas.

The business was established as Ameritrade in 1971. In 2006, it purchased the U.S. business of TD Waterhouse from Toronto-Dominion Bank and was renamed TD Ameritrade. It was purchased by Charles Schwab Corporation in 2020

For more information on serving legal papers, contact Undisputed Legal our Process Service department at (800) 774-6922. Representatives are available Monday-Friday 8 am – 8 pm EST.  If you found this article helpful, please consider donating.  Thank you for following our blog, A space dedicated to bringing you news on breaking legal developments, interesting articles for law professionals, and educational material for all. We hope that you enjoy your time on our blog and revisit us!  We also invite you to check out our Frequently Asked Questions About Process Servers.

Sources

1. ‘Top Banks.’ ADV Ratings, https://www.advratings.com/north-america/top-banks-in-canada. 

2. The Big Five Banks is a term used in Canada to describe the five largest banks: Royal Bank, The Bank of Montreal, Canadian Imperial Bank of Commerce, The Bank of Nova Scotia, and Toronto-Dominion Bank.

Occasionally, the term ‘Big Six Banks’ is used, with the sixth bank referring to the National Bank of Canada. As of Jan 2021, the Big Six Banks and Desjardins Group are the largest banks in Canada, in terms of total assets. The Five Big Banks hold over $100 billion in assets, and they are all based in Toronto.

3. Stempel, Jonathan. ‘TD Bank Settles Massachusetts Data Breach Probe, to Pay $625,000.’ Reuters, Thomson Reuters, 8 Dec. 2014, https://www.reuters.com/article/torontodominion-massachusetts-settlement-idUSL1N0TS1H320141208. 

4. The Telephone Consumer Protection Act of 1991 was passed by the United States Congress in 1991 and signed into law by President George H. W. Bush as Public Law 102-243. It amended the Communications Act of 1934. The TCPA is codified as 47 U.S.C. § 227.

5. As of July 3, 2017, all but one of the claims were dismissed by Judge Jerome B. Simandle, which casts doubt on the veracity of the claims

6. Delaware Division of Corporations 401 Federal Street – Suite 4 Dover, DE  19901

7. THE CORPORATION TRUST COMPANY

CORPORATION TRUST CENTER 1209 ORANGE ST

WILMINGTON

County: New Castle

DE Postal Code: 19801

302-658-7581

8. NAICS 52 – FINANCE AND INSURANCE. Under this, there is a subset of  NAICS 522  for CREDIT INTERMEDIATION AND RELATED ACTIVITIES, which then is subclassified into  NAICS 5221 – DEPOSITORY CREDIT INTERMEDIATION

9. CORPORATION SERVICE COMPANY

251 LITTLE FALLS DRIVE

WILMINGTON County: New Castle

DE Postal Code: 19808

302-636-5401

10. ONE PORTLAND SQUARE
P O BOX 9540

PORTLAND ME 04112-9540

11. 207-761-8500

 Mailing Address

12. ONE PORTLAND SQUARE

P O BOX 9540

PORTLAND

ME

04112-9540

13. 251 LITTLE FALLS DRIVE

WILMINGTON

DE

19808

14. Business Phone 856-470-2275

15.  Standard Industrial Classification is a system for classifying industries by a four-digit code. Established in the United States in 1937, it is used by government agencies to classify industry areas. The SIC system is also used by agencies in other countries, e.g., by the United Kingdom’s Companies House

TD Banknorth comes under SIC 6022 [STATE COMMERCIAL BANKS]

16. Business Address TWO PORTLAND SQUARE

PO BOX 9540

PORTLAND ME 04112-9540

17. Business Phone (207) 761-8500

Mailing Address

TWO PORTLAND SQUARE

PO BOX 9540

PORTLAND

ME

04112-9540

WHO CAN ACCESS PERSONAL VOTER INFORMATION AFTER AN ELECTION

Voter Information

Undisputed Legal | Process Service 

Attorney General Josh Shapiro of Pennsylvania has declared that his office intends to sue Senate Republicans to prevent officials from subpoenaing voter information. The complaint essentially centers around the fact that the subpoena sought to reveal the personal information of nine million Pennsylvania residents and violate the state constitution’s right to informational privacy.

CASE BACKGROUND

After Republicans on a state Senate committee overseeing the review issued a subpoena in the month of September to Veronica Degraffenreid, who is the acting head of Pennsylvania’s Department of State, the Attorney General filed for the suit against the involved parties. Senators Chris Dush, Jake Corman, and the Senate Intergovernmental Operations Committee spurred the subpoena process, having necessitated the name, date of birth, partial Social Security number, and driver’s license number of every Pennsylvanian who voted in the 2020 presidential election as part of a ‘forensic investigation’ of the election. Additionally, they desired to establish how each registered voter voted and whenever every registered voter cast ballots. 

The senators justified their appeal by citing worries about the election’s integrity. The Attorney General’s Office responded by filing a complaint in the Commonwealth Court of Pennsylvania on behalf of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, the Department of State, and Acting Secretary Veronica Degraffenreid. 

The Attorney General’s complaint hinges upon the premier basis that the committee’s worries about potential election integrity violations are founded on misleading, prejudiced claims. Additionally, the complaint asserts that disclosing the personal information of so many voters poses a significant danger, particularly given the committee’s failure to establish necessary security measures to safeguard the data from third-party businesses.

The 2020 presidential election and the state’s voting procedures and standards have been challenged in Pennsylvania. In April, the US Supreme Court threw out Pennsylvania’s last challenge to the validity of the 2020 presidential election. An argument was made in Bognet v. Degraffenreid that voting rules may only be established by states legislatures, and thus, the Pennsylvania Supreme Court’s decision to extend Pennsylvania’s deadline for accepting mail-in votes was invalid. Fourteen Republican state legislators filed a lawsuit at the beginning of September contesting Act 77, which established in Pennsylvania universal mail-in voting in October 2019 as unconstitutional. 

Shapiro’s office urged the court to reject the subpoena citing Trump’s attempts to undermine confidence in the outcomes of the 2020 presidential election are underpinning the same and it serves no valid legislative purpose.

HOW PRIVATE IS VOTER INFORMATION?

One thing is universally private: just how people voted. Ballots are also always kept private.

Most voter data is generally public. It is gathered for the public, not private, reasons, and does not really have an opt-out provision for disseminating this material. Voter records may contain facts about individuals, which could be [A.] name; [B.] street address [C.] party affiliation; [D.] previous voting history of the individual; [E.] phone number and email address

Voter data from all fifty states will inevitably be accessible for certain purposes, even if the laws vary from state to state.  Voter data may be utilized for issue politics, charity solicitation, and commercial marketing in many states since there are no limitations on how they may be used.

Voter data records, on the other hand, are really not readily available to the general public. It takes a certain amount of know-how to approach governments for data, even if it is only to make the request. The GOP Data Center and NGP VAN, both of which provide accessible data for Republican and Democratic campaigns, are examples of these types of organizations. These experts simplify the job of political campaigns. The efficient use of the voter database was crucial to the Obama Administration for America campaigns in 2008 and 2012.

Vendors of voter data do not want their databases to be released to the public. Commercial enterprises use publicly accessible government information about who is registered to vote and who has cast votes in previous elections to build these computerized databases, often referred to as ‘voter files.’ They provide not only a statewide snapshot of voter registration and turnout, but they also often incorporate data from other sources.  In order to make the data accessible to their customers rather than hackers, it is thus imperative for these businesses to make an investment in getting it structured. However, data transfer may be difficult to regulate.

STATE VOTING RECORDS AND THE INFORMATION THEY PRESERVE

All states provide political parties and candidates for public office some level of access to voter registration data. For example, voter information may be shared with local and state authorities as well as private companies as well as researchers, and the media in the event of a scandal. Depending on state laws, only some people have access to public documents. Only state residents, registered voters, non-profit organizations and researchers may have access to some information. Most states, on the other hand, let the public see certain information about who is registered to vote. This information typically includes the voter’s present address, which many survivors value for privacy and safety reasons.

Every state provides a mechanism for voters to verify their registration status in addition to sharing or selling voter data. In order to do these status checks, it would be as easy as typing in a name and zip code in the box provided. When a voter’s status is checked, the entire current address is shown. Survivors of abuse, whose safety may be jeopardized if their abuser discovers their current whereabouts and can estimate their zip code, may find this readily available status checks frightening.

Additionally, the mechanism itself does not correlate across state borders. In the first place, vendors differ in terms of how they monitor citizens when they traverse state lines. While federal law (the Help America Vote Act of 2002) mandates that each state maintain a list of its registered voters, election administration in the United States has traditionally been extremely decentralized, making it difficult to harmonize state data.

Data brokers that gather extra personal information from public records, commercial sources, social media sites, apps, and websites to make voter records, even more, identifying exacerbate the problem by compiling ‘Enhanced Voter Records,’ which are even more identifiable. Campaigns are often sold on ‘Enhanced Voter Records,’ which may contain information on a voter’s buying patterns, religious affiliation, recreational interests, and even public social media profiles.

Several states, on the other hand, permit the withholding of personal information if it has been classified as confidential. In order to prohibit the sale and accessibility of surviving addresses in voter lists, several address Confidentiality Programs (ACPs) seek to restrict voter data sharing. To be clear, this is not a guarantee of privacy for all ACPs.

WHAT INFORMATION IS PUBLICALLY AVAILABLE

The name, residence, and party allegiance are all available to the public via the state’s voting records.

Additionally, states have the freedom to collect extra data, and some of that data may be made public. Among the things on the voting record are things like [A.] identifying information, which could be information like the individual’s date of birth and place of birth, gender identity, father’s name or mother’s maiden name, Social Security number, military ID, passport number, drivers’ license, signature; [B.] information pertaining about the address that the individual currently resides at as well as past addresses or the voting district; [C.] contact information of the individual like their telephone number and email address; [D.] their voting information including party affiliation, previous voting, absentee ballot, precincts, registering agency, required assistance; [E.] miscellaneous information like the individual’s criminal record, last date of jury duty, and active or inactive status.

There are state laws that specify who is allowed to obtain a voter list, what information may be disclosed publicly, and with whom. The voting record may be sought by political parties and candidates, law enforcement, government officials, companies, academics, journalists, and even members of the general public depending on the state (and occasionally the county).

HOW TO KEEP VOTING HISTORY PRIVATE

Users may be able to keep parts of their voting history private under state programs. People who qualify for protection include [A.] domestic violence victims; [B.] individuals who have suffered crimes or are under protective orders; [C.] law enforcement officers or their spouses; [D.] California reproductive healthcare medical providers, employees, volunteers, or patients; [E.] retired state and federal judges and attorneys; [F.] Virginia foster parents; [G.] uniformed service members in Oklahoma; [H.] under-eighteen Colorado pre-registered voters; [I.] witnesses and victims in protection and [J.] any voter who requests that their record be classified as private. 

Laws differ from one state to the next. Only political parties may access certain lists, while others are open to the public. Some lists require requesters to be scholars or to work in politics, while others do not. A few may be downloaded at any time from a state website. However, a state-by-state count by the National Conference of State Legislatures shows that all fifty states and the District of Columbia have at least one method for making access simple for requesters.

THE LEGAL IMPACT OF THE CASE AGAINST THE SENATORS 

At various places, specific information demands in the subpoena have been targeted as unlawful or unconstitutional and unenforceable in the seventy-six-page complaint launched by the Attorney General. The driving force of the complaint centers around the fact that a person’s constitutional privacy rights would be violated if the subpoena requested voter information, such as names, birth dates, driver’s license numbers, and partial Social Security numbers. This is because the subpoena is not founded on the evidence of wrongdoing by itself. 

The complaint itself attempts to highlight the present danger of voter data being disclosed in a way that violates the constitutional right to vote because the subpoena is ill-founded. Additionally, it attempts to also resolve a question of precedent: it is a clear endeavor to prevent Republican requests for records of audit and review reports dating back to 2018 on the state’s voter registration system.

According to a letter from Shapiro’s office, the material was considered ‘critical infrastructure information’ by the Department of Homeland Security and cannot be disclosed to the general public under federal law. A copy of the subpoena was sent to top election officials in the office of Democratic Gov. Tom Wolf. Democrats in the state Senate filed a lawsuit to halt the Republican ‘forensic inquiry’ and prevent the subpoena.

How the argument has been structured by the Republican senators in question is that they are using legitimate legislative power in supervising executive branch operations and that what they term a probe’ has nothing to do with Trump or reversing the 2016 election results. 

As with Arizona’s highly criticized audit, the subpoena does not seek ballots or voting equipment, and much of the information sought is already public knowledge, according to Shapiro. However, it is against the law in Pennsylvania to disclose a voter’s driver’s license or social security number to the public. The main contractor in the Arizona Senate GOP’s assessment of the election results received this information on Maricopa County voters. 

For more information on serving legal papers, contact Undisputed Legal our Process Service department at (800) 774-6922. Representatives are available Monday-Friday 8 am – 8 pm EST.  If you found this article helpful, please consider donating.  Thank you for following our blog, A space dedicated to bringing you news on breaking legal developments, interesting articles for law professionals, and educational material for all. We hope that you enjoy your time on our blog and revisit us!  We also invite you to check out our Frequently Asked Questions About Process Servers.

Sources

1. Pennsylvania Statutes Title 25 Pa.C.S.A. Elections § 1207. Open records and documents

Scope.–The following documents under this part are open to public inspection except as otherwise provided in this section:

(1) Records of a registration commission and district registers.

(2) Street lists.

(3) Official voter registration applications.

(4) Petitions and appeals.

(5) Witness lists.

(6) Accounts and contracts.

(7) Reports.

(b) Use.–Open material under subsection (a) may be inspected during ordinary business hours subject to the efficient operation of a commission.  The public inspection shall only be in the presence of a commissioner or authorized commission employee and shall be subject to proper regulation for safekeeping of the material and subject to this part.  Upon request, a photocopy of the record or computer-generated data record shall be provided at cost.  The material may not be used for commercial or improper purposes.

2. According to official statistics, Democrat Joe Biden defeated Republican Donald Trump in Pennsylvania by a margin of moreover 80,000 votes.

3. Shapiro stated: ‘Giving this data away would compromise the privacy of every Pennsylvania voter—that violates Pennsylvanians’ constitutional rights. By trying to pry into everyone’s driver’s license numbers and social security numbers they have gone too far.’

4. Jim Bognet, et al., Petitioners v. Veronica Degraffenreid, Acting Secretary of Pennsylvania, et al. November 27, 2020, United States Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit  Case Numbers: (20-3214)

5.Staff, Ram Eachambadi | JURIST. ‘GOP Lawmakers File Suit CHALLENGING PENNSYLVANIA Mail-in Voting as Unconstitutional.’ Jurist, – JURIST – News – Legal News & Commentary, 4 Sept. 2021, https://www.jurist.org/news/2021/09/gop-lawmakers-file-suit-challenging-pennsylvanias-mail-in-voting-as-unconstitutional/. 

 The plaintiffs’ primary claim is that the law is unconstitutional because it allows for no-excuse voting by mail whereas the constitution requires lawmakers to provide an alternative way for people to vote only if they are unable to do so for specific reasons such as illness, physical disability, religious observance, or being out of town on business.

6. Issenberg, Sasha. ‘How Obama’s Team Used Big Data to Rally Voters.’ MIT Technology Review, MIT Technology Review, 2 Apr. 2020, https://www.technologyreview.com/2012/12/19/114510/how-obamas-team-used-big-data-to-rally-voters/. 

7. Balz, Dan. ‘How the Obama Campaign Won the Race for Voter Data.’ The Washington Post, WP Company, 28 July 2013, https://www.washingtonpost.com/politics/how-the-obama-campaign-won-the-race-for-voter-data/2013/07/28/ad32c7b4-ee4e-11e2-a1f9-ea873b7e0424_story.html. 

8. Daley, David. ‘Voters Had Their Say. PARTISANS Ignored Them.’ The New York Times, The New York Times, 29 Sept. 2021, https://www.nytimes.com/2021/09/29/opinion/redistricting-commissions-democracy.html. 

9. The Help America Vote Act of 2002 Pub.L. 107–252, or HAVA, is a United States federal law which passed in the House 357-48 and 92-2 in the Senate and was signed into law by President Bush on October 29, 2002. The bill was drafted (at least in part) in reaction to the controversy surrounding the 2000 U.S. presidential election when almost two million ballots were disqualified because they registered multiple votes or none when run through vote-counting machines.

10. Andrew, Scottie. ‘For Abuse Victims, Registering to Vote Brings a Dangerous Tradeoff.’ CNN, Cable News Network, 27 Oct. 2020, https://edition.cnn.com/2020/10/27/us/domestic-violence-voting-election-privacy-trnd/index.html. 

11. Unfounded claims that voters were registered as residing in a condemned building need specific details on each voter, according to Senate Republican Committee Chairman Cris Dush, R-Jefferson. Other than that, Dush was unable to provide any information.

12. It’s not about fixing issues from the previous election, they claim. Instead, they’re trying to increase voter trust in elections

13. Neas, — Ralph, et al. ‘How the Arizona Senate Audit in Maricopa County Is an Assault on Voting Rights.’ The Century Foundation, 27 Sept. 2021, https://tcf.org/content/report/arizona-senate-audit-maricopa-county-assault-voting-rights/?agreed=1. 

14. Pennsylvania Statutes Title 25 Pa.C.S.A. Elections § 1403. Street lists

(a) Preparation.–Commencing not later than the 15th day prior to each election, each commission shall prepare for each election district a list of the names and addresses of all registered electors as of that date resident in the district.  The list may not include the digitized or electronic signature of a registered elector.  The list shall be arranged in one of the following manners:

(1) By streets and house numbers.

(2) Alphabetically by last name of each registered elector.

(3) In a manner whereby the location of the elector’s residence can be identified.

(b) Copies.–The commission shall retain two copies of the list under subsection (a) on file at its office and forward one copy of the list under subsection (a) to the department.  These copies shall be available for public inspection during business hours, subject to reasonable safeguards and regulations.

(c) Distribution.–The department and each commission shall distribute the list under subsection (a) upon request as follows:

(1) To officials concerned with the conduct of elections.

(2) To political parties and political bodies.

(3) To candidates.

(d) Organizations.–The commission may, for a reasonable fee, distribute the list under subsection (a) to organized bodies of citizens.

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May the NEW YEAR bring joy, peace & happiness to you & your family Cheers!

Happy New Year

Gelukkige Nuwejaar (Afrikaans); Gezuar Vitin e Ri (Albanian); سنة سعيدة (Arabic); Yeni iliniz mubarek (Azerbaijani); Selamat tahun baru (Bahasa melayu); Urte berri on (Basque); sretna nova godina (Bosnian); Щастлива Нова година (Bulgarian); Felic any nou (Catalan); Mabungahong Bag-ong Tuig Kaninyong tanan (Cebuano Philippines); šťastný nový rok (Czech); Fijne oudejaarsavond (Fine New Year’s Eve) / Gelukkig Nieuwjaar (Happy New Year);  Head uut aastat (Estonian); سال نو مبارک (Farsi); Manigong Bagong Taon (Filipino); Bonne Annee (French); Bliadhna mhath ur (Gaelic Scotland); Grohes Neues Jahr/ Gutes Neues Jahr (German); Καλή χρονιά (Greek); સાલ મુબારક (Gujarati); שָׁנָה טוֹבָה (Hebrew); नये साल की हार्दिक शुभकामनायें (Hindi); Boldog Új Évet / Buék (Hungarian); Athbhliain faoi mhaise dhuit / Bhliain nua sásta (Irish); Buon anno/ Felice anno nuovo (Italian); あけましておめでとうございます (Japanese); 새해 복 많이 받으세요 (Korean); Is Sena-Tajba (Maltese); 新年快乐 (Mandarin Chinese); Kia Hari te tau hou (Maori); Szczęśliwego Nowego Roku (Polish); Feliz Ano Novo (Portuguese); Allin wata kachun qanpaq (singular) / Allin wata kachun qanqunapaq (plural) (Quechua); La Multi Ani (Romanian); С Новым Годом (Russian); Feliz Año Nuevo (Spanish); สวัสดีปีใหม่ (Thai); Mutlu yillar (happy year) / Yeni yiliniz kutlu olsun (May your new year be celebrated) (Turkish); نايا سال مبارک (Urdu); blwyddyn newydd dda (Welsh);

SEASONS GREETING 2020

THANK YOU
During this holiday season, our thoughts turn gratefully to those who have made our progress possible.  It is in this spirit that we sincerely say Thank you!  Best wishes for the Holiday Season.  
H A P P Y H O L I D A Y S
(socially distanced, get it!)

“Mele Kalikimaka” (Hawaii) “Merry Keshmish” or “Nizhonigo Keshmish” (Native American/Navajo Nation)“Merry Christmas” or “Joyeux Noel” (Canada)“Happy Christmas” or “Merry Christmas” (United Kingdom)“Boas Festas e Feliz Ano Novo.” (Brazil)“Feliz Navidad.” (Latin America)“Feliz Natal” or “Boas Festas.” (Portugal)“Nadolig Llawen!” (Wales)“Joyeux Noel!” (France)“Buone Feste Natalizie” or “Buon Natale!” (Italy)“Froehliche Weihnachten und ein glueckliches Neues Jahr!” (Germany)“God Jul and (Och) Ett Gott Nytt Ar!” (Sweden)“Kala Christouyenna!” (Greece)“Kung His Hsin Nien bing Chu Shen Tan” (Chinese/Mandarin)“Gun Tso Sun Tan’Gung Haw Sun” (Chinese/Cantonese)“Meri Kuri” or “Meri Kurisumasu” (Japan)“Baradin ki shubh kamnaaye!” (India)“Pozdrevlyayu s prazdnikom Rozhdestva is Novim Godom!” (Russia)“Mo’adim Lesimkha. Chena tova” (Israel/Hebrew)

How to Retrieve State/Federal Court Records Electronically

Court Service

Determining Federal/State Court Records

1.Determine whether you need to retrieve State/Federal court records. To determine if a court is a State/Federal court:

a.Look at the caption (i.e., name of the court on a pleading).

•If the court is Circuit or Superior Court, it’s a State court.

•If it is District court, it’s a Federal Court.

•Appellate courts may be State or Federal and will have the name of the state in the title of the court, New York Supreme Court, or New York Appellate Court, for example.

b.Look at the laws that the court deals in order to determine if they are State or Federal laws. Divorce laws for example are State laws and bankruptcy laws are Federal, so divorce cases are heard in State court and bankruptcy cases in Federal court.

•Check the list of federal courts provided by the United States Courts systems, to see if the court is listed as a federal court. Continue reading