Eviction Process in Connecticut
The first step in the Summary Process (Eviction) procedure is the Notice to Quit Possession. The form you must use for the Notice to Quit, which the court will provide upon request, must be completed with the exact name and address, including the apartment number, floor number, or other designation, if any, of each adult tenant you want to evict and must be signed by you as the plaintiff/landlord. There must be an original Notice to Quit Possession and sufficient additional copies for each tenant who lives there. You should also keep 1 (one) copy for your own records.
You must state a reason on the Notice to Quit. The most frequently used reasons for evictions are non-payment of rent and the lease termination by lapse of time. Removals, for other reasons, maybe more complex.
Always include in the Notice to Quit Possession the names of all adults living on the premises. If you know that there are adults living in the premises, but you do not know their names, you may characterize them as John and/or Jane Doe, as appropriate.
In any eviction, the Notice to Quit must allow the tenant at least 3 (three) full days to move. This means that there must be 3 (three) full intervening days between the date the Notice to Quit is served on your tenant and the last day specified in the Notice to Quit for the tenant to vacate the premises. The first and last days are not counted in computing the 3 (three) days. (For example, if the Notice specifies that the tenant must move out by May 15, the documents must be served no later than May 11.)
In all cases, the tenants have until midnight of the last day given to them in the Notice to Quit to vacate the premises before you can proceed with the Summons and Complaint.
Month-to-Month Tenancy. In nonpayment of rent situations which involve oral or written month-to-month tenancies, the Notice to Quit cannot be served until the tenth day after the date the rent was due, not counting the due date. (For example, if the rent is due on May 1, the Notice to Quit cannot be served until May 11.)
However, the Notice to Quit may also be served during the month immediately following the nonpayment of rent in a month-to-month tenancy. (For example, if the rent due on May 1 is not paid, the Notice to Quit may be served at any time from May 11 through the end of June.)
Week-to-Week Tenancy. In nonpayment of rent situations which involve oral or written week-to-week tenancies, the Notice to Quit cannot be served until the fifth day after the rent was due, not counting the due date. (For example, if the rent is due on May 10, the Notice to Quit cannot be served until May 15.)
However, the Notice to Quit may also be served during the week immediately following the nonpayment of rent in a week-to-week tenancy. (For example, if the rent due on May 10 is not paid, the Notice to Quit may be served at any time from May 15 through the end of the next week, which would be May 23.)
Lapse of Time. In cases when an oral or written lease has terminated by lapse of time (“without cause eviction”), the tenant must be given at least 3 (three) full days and at least until the end of the time period to which he or she would usually have been entitled to vacate the premises. (For example, in an oral month-to-month situation running from May 1 to May 31, if the Notice to Quit is served no later than May 27, it must give the tenant at least until the last day of the month, which is May 31 in this case. If, however, the Notice to Quit is not served until May 28, it must give the tenant until June 1 to vacate.)
The Notice to Quit must be formally served. Service by a process server will satisfy this requirement. The fee charged by process servers for service is approximately $100.00. After the process server serves the Notice to Quit, an original affidavit of service will be returned to you, with the process server’s signature indicating that service was made. This is known as the process server’s proof of service.
Notice To Quit Form
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