Sweden Process Service
Process service, also known as "service of process,” is the procedure employed to give an appropriate notice of initial legal action to another party (such as a defendant), court, or administrative body in an effort to exercise jurisdiction over that person so as to enable that person to respond to the proceeding before the court, body, or other tribunal. Notice is furnished by delivering a set of court documents (called "process") to the person to be served.
Sweden PROCESS SERVERs
Sweden process servers serve civil and commercial matters pursuant to the Hague Service Convention, which is a multilateral treaty adopted in Hague, Netherlands on November 15,1965, by member states of the Hague Conference on Private International Law. It came into existence to give litigants a reliable and efficient means of serving the documents on parties living, operating or based in another country. The provisions of the convention apply to service of process in civil and commercial matters but not criminal matters. Also, the Convention shall not apply if the address of the person to be served with the document is not known.
Method of Service
Article 5(1)(a) Service
Service is effected by sending the document or by handing the document to the addressee.
The most common procedure is service by post. The letter is accompanied by a receipt of service, which the addressee is required to sign and return.
Service by electronic means may be used by authorities only, should this way of service not be deemed inappropriate with respect to the content of the document to be served or other circumstances.
The content of a document is read to the addressee. The document is hereafter sent to the addressee. This method can not be used in service of documents that initiates a proceeding.
The document is sent by post to the addressee's last known address followed by a notice one day later, stating that the document has been sent. Evidence of reception or receipt is thus not required. Simplified service can only be used if the authority has informed the addressee that this way of serving may be used in the proceedings.
Special service on a legal entity:
In certain circumstances a document can be served on a legal entity by sending it to its registered office followed by a notice one day later, stating that the document has been sent.
Service by a process server:
Personal service is effected by a process server or other appointed officials e.g. a police officer or bailiff.
Substituted service may be carried out in certain circumstances. The document is then handed to someone other than the addressee, for example an adult member of the addressee's household or his/her employer.
If there is reason to believe that a person is acting to avoid being served and no other person can be served (substituted service), the document may under certain circumstances be left at the addressee's home.
Service by proclamation:
Service by proclamation may be carried out under certain circumstances. The document is made available at the offices of the authority or the court and at the same time it is notified and a summary of the document is published on the website of the gazette Post och Inrikes tidningar and, if there is a reason for it, also in a local newspaper.
Any document to be served under Article 5(1) must be written in or translated into Swedish. However, documents in Danish or Norwegian are also accepted.
Click here to read all the declarations made by Sweden under the Service Convention.
Timeline for Execution
Normally, police authorities carry out service in Sweden within two months. Service by post is effected within less than a month.
The Hague Service Convention established a more simplified means for parties to effect service in other contracting states. Under the convention, each contracting state is required to designate a central authority to accept incoming requests for service. A judicial officer who is competent to serve process in the state of origin is permitted to send request for service directly to the central authority of the state where service is to be made. Upon receiving the request, the central authority in the receiving state arranges for service in a manner permitted within the receiving state, typically through a local court. Once service is effected, the central authority sends a certificate of service to the judicial officer who made the request.
The main benefits of the Hague Service Convention over letters rogatory is that it is faster (requests generally take two to four months rather than six months to one year), it uses standardized forms which should be recognized by authorities in other states, and it is cheaper (in most cases).
Alternate Methods of Service
The Hague Convention provides various modes of process service of documents such as by postal channel or by diplomatic/consular agents, judicial officers, officials or other competent persons. These provisions are covered under Articles 8 to 10 and may or not be allowed by member countries as a valid mode of serving the documents in their territory. The method of serving the documents through the Central Agency (Article 5) is not optional but is binding on all the member countries. The services done by the Central Agency usually takes a long time: 4 to 12 months. The convention gives relief to the litigants if they have not received certificate of service or delivery from the Central Agency even after waiting for six months. In such cases, the Court may, if it considers that a reasonable time has elapsed, give its judgement. Also, in case of urgency, the court may issue a provisional order or protective measure even before six-month waiting period.
Service by Mail
Service by mail is possible only in states that have not objected to that method under Article 10(a) of the convention and if the jurisdiction where the court case takes place allows it under its applicable law.
Documents can be faxed (800)-296-0115, emailed email@example.com, mailed 590 Madison Avenue, 21 Floor, New York, New York 10022, or dropped off at any of our location. We do require pre-payment and accept all major credit and debit cards. Once payment is processed your sales receipt is immediately emailed for your records. This option is only available for email or fax.
Drop-offs must call and make an appointment first to be added to building security to permit access to our office. Documents for service must be in a sealed envelope with payment in form of a money order or attorney check (WE DO NOT ACCEPT CASH) payable to UNDISPUTED LEGAL INC., All documents will be received by our receptionist.
What Should You Do Next?
Simply pick up the phone and call (212) 203-8001 or simply click the service you want to purchase below! Our dedicated team of professionals is ready to assist you. We can handle all of your process service needs; no job is too small or too large!
Contact us for more information about our process serving agency. We are ready to provide service of process to all of our clients globally from our offices in New York, Brooklyn, Queens, Long Island, Westchester, New Jersey and Connecticut.
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