To obtain a subpoena as per the UIDDA and the US Virgin Islands, a party must provide a foreign subpoena and a written statement that the law of the foreign jurisdiction grants reciprocal privileges to citizens for taking discovery in the jurisdiction that issued the foreign subpoena. This must be done at the clerk of court in the circuit where discovery is sought to be conducted as per UIDDA and the US Virgin Islands.

When a foreign subpoena is submitted to a clerk of court here, the clerk, in accordance with the process of that court, must quickly issue a subpoena for service upon the individual to whom the foreign subpoena is addressed to comply with the UIDDA and the US Virgin Islands laws.

Uniform Interstate Depositions and Discovery Act (UIDDA)-U.S. Virgin Islands

A subpoena issued should include the language of the foreign subpoena and include or be accompanied by the names, addresses, and telephone numbers of all counsel of record and of any party not represented by counsel in the process to which the subpoena pertains.

The UIDDA should be used and construed in such a way as to further the goal of achieving uniformity of the law among the states with regard to its subject matter among those states that pass it. Only if the state where the action is pending has adopted the Uniform Interstate Depositions and Discovery Act or a predecessor uniform act, or another comparable law or rule of court providing substantially similar mechanisms for use by parties from other states will the privilege be extended to persons in other states for discovery apply.

A court of record issues a foreign subpoena in a country other than the one in which the subpoenaed party is located. If the applicant needs to take the deposition of an individual who is located in another state, or if they need to get data from an individual who is located in another state, they will need to issue a foreign subpoena as per the UIDDA and the US Virgin Islands.

The individual should find out whether the UIDDA and the US Virgin Islands documents they need are available to the public.  Suppose the individual is having trouble getting authorization or obtaining the documents via PIA or FOIA requests. In that case, they might try contacting the entity's resident agent in the state and asking for the information. 


For a standardized method of getting depositions and discovery in collaboration with other participating states, the Uniform Interstate Depositions and Discovery Act (UIDDA) was approved as a model act. While UIDDA has been passed in the vast majority of states, there are still a few holdouts. Since each court has its system, understanding the individual states’ signing of the UIDDA is required. Still, it might give the individual an indication of how difficult it would be to receive a foreign subpoena. States that have passed the UIDDA often make things simpler.

To get the UIDDA and the US Virgin Islands documents or serve the witness,  the applicant needs to know where the subpoena has to be issued. The individual needs to determine which court issued the subpoena so that they do not accidentally end up responding to the incorrect one. The individual needs to find a court in that city or state that has experience with cases like the one that they have pending in the originating jurisdiction once they know where the subpoena must be issued from to comply with the UIDDA and the US Virgin Islands requirements.

In order to receive a foreign subpoena, the applicant must first identify the court from which they will be seeking the UIDDA and the US Virgin Islands subpoena. It is important to find out whether there are any UIDDA and the US Virgin Islands costs involved and to whom the cheque will be sent. Some courts would reject the subpoena for minor mistakes, while others may not even accept it if submitted to their court. This may happen even within the same state. A commission, Letters Rogatory, or Order from the court may be necessary to use the UIDDA in jurisdictions that have not yet embraced it.


After receiving the subpoena with the out-of-state court's stamp, the individual has to send  out the standard Discovery subpoena paperwork (i.e., Notice to Take Deposition, Notice to Patient, Notice of Service, Health General Article, etc.) It is also important that the individual make sure the subpoena follows the local UIDDA and the US Virgin Islands regulation in the state where the Discovery is needed (i.e., number of days before a deposition that the subpoena needs to be served, the distance you require a deponent to travel to appear at a deposition, fees to be paid to a deponent, etc.) 

The foreign court may take several weeks or months to return the subpoena. Requesting a subpoena from a foreign jurisdiction might take weeks or even months if the individual first needs to submit a commission or seek an order with their court. Subpoenas should be returned in a FedEx branded envelope so they may be tracked and delivered on time.

The judge, clerk, or deputy clerk of the court must issue UIDDA and the US Virgin Islands subpoenas, and they must be sealed with the official court seal. Each person to whom the UIDDA and the US Virgin Islands subpoena is directed is hereby commanded to appear and give testimony at the time and place specified therein and to do so in the court and under the title, if any, of the proceeding to which it relates. If the witness is to testify on behalf of the Government, the citation must indicate as much. A signed and sealed UIDDA and the US Virgin Islands subpoena will be issued by the clerk to the asking party, who will then complete the form before it is served.

It is possible for a UIDDA and the US Virgin Islands subpoena to require the individual to whom it is issued to bring in certain books, papers, documents, or other items. If compliance with the UIDDA and the US Virgin Islands subpoena would be unjust or oppressive, a timely request to the court may result in the subpoena being quashed or modified. Upon production, the judge may allow the parties and their attorneys, or a probation officer, to see and copy the books, papers, documents, or other objects designated in the UIDDA and the US Virgin Islands subpoena. This may occur before the trial begins or before the evidence is presented.

Anyone over eighteen who is not a party to the proceeding may serve a subpoena. A subpoena may be served simply by handing a copy to the witness. A witness may be served with a UIDDA and the US Virgin Islands subpoena to appear at a trial or hearing anywhere in the territory. It is possible to be found in contempt of court if the recipient ignores a subpoena without a good reason.

The papers cannot be served "as is" in a state other than the one in which they were issued, even if the procedure has been simplified. In most instances, the clerk of the court in the venue where discovery is sought must be contacted as part of the UIDDA procedure. Although a motion is not required, this subpoena will need to be reissued in the correct court.

Prior to the UIDDA, the process of having a foreign subpoena made domestic was lengthy, expensive, and required the use of precious court resources. UIDDA domestication entails "presenting a clerk of the court situated in the state where discoverable documents are sought with a subpoena issued by a court in the trial state," as stated by the Uniform Law Commission. The clerk will issue a subpoena for UIDDA and the US Virgin Islands service on the person or organization named in the overseas subpoena once they have received it.

A foreign language translation of the subpoena request is required to be filed in order for a party to have the subpoena issued. When a foreign subpoena is presented to a court clerk as per the UIDDA and the US Virgin Islands, the clerk needs to swiftly issue a subpoena for service in accordance with the rules of that court's UIDDA and the US Virgin Islands process.  In order to distinguish itself from proceedings that are not recorded in a court, the title "Court of Record" was used.

A subpoena issued by the state court where the matter is the venue is required in order to conduct discovery outside of the state in which the action is pending. The party requesting discovery then must submit the subpoena to the county clerk in that county. After that, a local subpoena should be issued by the clerk and served on the target of the discovery request as soon as possible. The subpoena must follow all applicable state discovery laws and regulations.

State laws requiring a commission or letter rogatory from a trial court before a deposition may be conducted have been wiped out by the UIDDA in places where discovery is sought. An out-of-state litigant is exempt from having to get a license in the state since the UIDDA considers a subpoena request to be insufficient grounds for a court appearance. Subpoenas issued under the UIDDA do not need the use of local counsel or admission pro hac vice. However, suppose the individual needs to submit, reply to, or appear in court for any reason involving an application to enforce, quash, amend, or seek a protective order respecting a subpoena issued pursuant to the UIDDA. In that case, they will need to get a license from the home state to do so.

Any request for a protective order, to enforce, quash, or alter a subpoena, or for any other disagreement pertaining to discovery under the UIDDA and the US Virgin Islands laws must be filed in court. It is vital with respect to the legislation of the state where the finding took place, which refers to the discovery state's procedural rules of evidence and conflicts of law. The discovery stage is deeply invested in safeguarding its citizens, who are called witnesses in a case being heard in another country's jurisdiction, from excessive or disproportionate discovery demands. This is completed by mandating that all discovery motions be resolved in accordance with the position of discovery. As a result, the deponent is safeguarded by a requirement that all petitions to the court be made in the discovery stage if they are to have any bearing on the deponent.

Potential problems with evidence include challenges based on grounds like relevancy. or privilege, which should be resolved according to the laws of the state of discovery (including its conflict of laws concepts;) The trial state is the venue for applications to the court that affect only the parties to the case. To prevent the deposition of an out-of-state witness, for instance, the requesting party might ask the trial state for an order prohibiting the deposition.

A subpoena may be enforced, quashed, or modified by an application filed by or in response to a party in the discovery state; the attorney applying for or opposing discovery must follow the UIDDA and the US Virgin Islands procedures to find out how attorneys in that state are regulated by the state bar before they enter its courts. The act does not alter restrictions on attorneys from other states practicing in its courts.

U.S. Virgin Island

Uniform Interstate Depositions and Discovery Act Adopted - 2010
Bill Number: 28-0314 Sponsor Hill
V.I. CODE ANN tit. 5, § 4924 (2019)
Superior Court of U.S. Virgin Islands Click Here

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1. All 50 states, DC, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands are included.

2. The individual may get public documents without notifying the other party by filing a request under the Public Information Act (PIA) or the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA), respectively.

3. Determine whether a subpoena for employment records should be sent to an individual human resources representative or the company's central HR office.

4. When it's finished, submit it to the appropriate court. After it is signed and returned, it may be submitted to the foreign court to get the foreign subpoena. Depending on the requirements of the foreign court, the individual may need to retain local representation in order to submit such paperwork.

5. Inmates who cannot afford bail: an impoverished defendant in a criminal prosecution may ask the court to issue a subpoena at any time.

6. In addition to issuing traffic tickets, the clerk is also responsible for issuing signed and sealed subpoenas to law enforcement officials, who will then fill in the necessary information before serving them as witnesses for both the prosecution and the defense. This provision was amended on May 28, 1957, May 27, 1965, and March 8, 1966.