Uniform Interstate Depositions and Discovery Act-Ohio
The Uniform Law Commission promulgated the Uniform Interstate Depositions and Discovery Act (UIDDA) in 2007. The goal of UIDDA is to make it more efficient and inexpensive to depose out-of-state individuals and to produce discoverable materials located out of the trial state.
Under UIDDA, litigants can present a clerk of the court located in the state where discoverable materials are sought with a subpoena issued by a court in the trial state. Once the clerk receives the foreign subpoena, the clerk will issue a subpoena for service upon the person or entity on which the original subpoena is directed. The terms of the issued subpoena must incorporate the same terms as the original subpoena and contain the contact information for all counsel of record and any party not represented by counsel.
The Act requires minimal judicial oversight and eliminates the need for obtaining a commission or local counsel in the discovery state, letters rogatory, or the filing of a miscellaneous action during the discovery phase of litigation. Discovery authorized by the subpoena must comply with the rules of the state in which the discovery occurs. In addition, motions to quash, enforce, or modify a subpoena issued pursuant to the Act shall be brought in and governed by the rules of the discovery state.
Below is the guidance on issuing an out-of-state subpoena in Ohio.
Uniform Interstate Depositions and Discovery Act Adopted - 2016
Bill Number: SB 171 Sponsor Seitz
OHIO REV. CODE. ANN §§ 2319.09
Franklin County Instructions https://clerk.franklincountyohio.gov/CLCT-website/media/docs/general/foreignCT_Subpoena.pdf
Ohio Courts https://ohio.gov/wps/portal/gov/site/government/resources/ohio-courts
2319.09 Uniform Interstate Depositions and Discovery Act.
(A) This section may be cited as the "Uniform Interstate Depositions and Discovery Act."
(B) As used in this section:
(1) "Foreign jurisdiction" means a state other than Ohio.
(2) "Foreign subpoena" means a subpoena issued under the authority of a court of record of a foreign jurisdiction.
(3) "Person" means an individual, corporation, business trust, estate, trust, partnership, limited liability company, association, joint venture, public corporation, government, or governmental subdivision, agency, or instrumentality, or any other legal or commercial entity.
(4) "State" means a state of the United States, the District of Columbia. Puerto Rico, the United States Virgin Islands, a federally recognized Indian tribe, or any territory or insular possession subject to the jurisdiction of the United States.
(5) "Subpoena" means a document, however, denominated, issued under the authority of a court of record requiring a person to do any of the following:
(a) Attend and give testimony at a deposition;
(b) Produce and permit inspection and copying of designated books, documents, records, electronically stored information, or tangible things in the possession, custody, or control of the person;
(c) Permit inspection of premises under the control of the person.
(1) To request the issuance of a subpoena under this section, a party shall submit a foreign subpoena to a clerk of court in the county in which discovery is sought to be conducted in this state. A request for the issuance of a subpoena under this section does not constitute an appearance in the courts of this state.
(2) When a party submits a foreign subpoena to a clerk of court in this state, the clerk, in accordance with that court's procedure, shall promptly issue a subpoena for service upon the person to which the foreign subpoena is directed.
(3) A subpoena issued under division (C)(2) of this section shall do both of the following:
(a) Incorporate the terms used in the foreign subpoena;
(b) Contain or be accompanied by the names, addresses, and telephone numbers of all counsel of record in the proceeding to which the subpoena relates and of any party not represented by counsel.
(D) A subpoena issued by a clerk of court under division (C) of this section shall be served in compliance with any rule of court or statute relating to the service of a subpoena issued in this state.
(E) The Ohio Rules of Civil Procedure and any statutes relating to service of subpoenas and compliance with subpoenas to attend and give testimony, produce designated books, documents, records, electronically stored information, or other tangible things, or to allow inspection of premises shall apply to subpoenas issued under division (C) of this section.
(F) An application to the court for a protective order or to enforce, quash, or modify a subpoena issued by a clerk of court under division (C) of this section shall comply with the Ohio Rules of Civil Procedure and be submitted to the court in the county in which discovery is to be conducted.
(G) In applying and construing this section, consideration shall be given to the need to promote uniformity of the law with respect to its subject matter among states that enact a substantially similar statute or rule.
(H) This section applies to requests for discovery in cases pending on the effective date of this act.
Added by 131st General Assembly File No. TBD, SB 171, §1, eff. 9/14/2016.
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