Uniform Interstate Depositions and Discovery Act-North Carolina
The Uniform Law Commission promulgated the Uniform Interstate Depositions and Discovery Act (UIDDA) in 2007. The goal of UIDDA is to make it more efficient and inexpensive to depose out-of-state individuals and to produce discoverable materials located out of the trial state.
Under UIDDA, litigants can present a clerk of the court located in the state where discoverable materials are sought with a subpoena issued by a court in the trial state. Once the clerk receives the foreign subpoena, the clerk will issue a subpoena for service upon the person or entity on which the original subpoena is directed. The terms of the issued subpoena must incorporate the same terms as the original subpoena and contain the contact information for all counsel of record and any party not represented by counsel.
The Act requires minimal judicial oversight and eliminates the need for obtaining a commission or local counsel in the discovery state, letters rogatory, or the filing of a miscellaneous action during the discovery phase of litigation. Discovery authorized by the subpoena must comply with the rules of the state in which the discovery occurs. In addition, motions to quash, enforce, or modify a subpoena issued pursuant to the Act shall be brought in and governed by the rules of the discovery state.
Below is the guidance on issuing an out-of-state subpoena in North Carolina.
Uniform Interstate Depositions and Discovery Act Adopted – 2011
Bill Number: HB 379 Sponsor Glazier
N.C. GEN STAT. §1F-3
Guidance North Carolina Legislature https://www.ncleg.net/EnactedLegislation/Statutes/PDF/ByChapter/Chapter_1F.pdf
North Carolina Judicial Branch https://www.nccourts.gov
North Carolina Uniform Interstate Depositions and Discovery Act.
§ 1F-1. Short title.
This Chapter may be cited as the “North Carolina Uniform Interstate Depositions and Discovery Act.” (2011-247, s. 1.)
§ 1F-2. Definitions.
The following definitions apply in this Chapter:
(1) Foreign jurisdiction. – A state other than North Carolina.
(2) Foreign subpoena. – A subpoena issued under authority of a court of record of
a foreign jurisdiction.
(3) Person. – An individual, corporation, business trust, estate, trust, partnership,
limited liability company, association, joint venture, public corporation, government, or governmental subdivision, agency, or instrumentality, or any other legal or commercial entity.
(4) State. – A state of the United States, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, the United States Virgin Islands, a federally recognized Indian tribe, or any territory or insular possession subject to the jurisdiction of the United States.
(5) Subpoena. – A document, however denominated, issued under authority of a court of record requiring a person to:
a. Attend and give testimony at a deposition, either oral or upon written
b. Produce and permit inspection and copying of designated books,
documents, records, electronically stored information, or tangible things
in the possession, custody, or control of the person; or
c. Permit inspection of premises under the control of the person.
(2011-247, s. 1.)
§ 1F-3. Issuance of subpoena.
(a) To request issuance of a subpoena under this section, a party must submit a foreign subpoena to a clerk of court in the county in which discovery is sought to be conducted in this State. A request for the issuance of a subpoena under this act does not constitute an appearance in the courts of this State.
(b) When a party submits a foreign subpoena to a clerk of court in this State, the clerk, in accordance with that court’s procedure, shall promptly open an appropriate court file, assign a file number, collect the applicable filing fee pursuant to G.S. 7A-305(a)(2), and issue a subpoena for service upon the person to which the foreign subpoena is directed.
(c) A subpoena under subsection (b) of this section must:
(1) Incorporate the terms used in the foreign subpoena; and
(2) Contain or be accompanied by the names, addresses, and telephone numbers of
all counsel of record in the proceeding to which the subpoena relates and of any party not represented by counsel. (2011-247, s. 1.)
§ 1F-4. Service of subpoena.
NC General Statutes – Chapter 1F 1
A subpoena issued by a clerk of court in North Carolina under G.S. 1F-3 must be served in compliance with G.S. 1A-1, Rule 45(b) of the North Carolina Rules of Civil Procedure. (2011-247, s. 1.)
§ 1F-5. Deposition; production; inspection.
Rules 26, 28, 30, 31, 34, and 45 of G.S. 1A-1, the North Carolina Rules of Civil Procedure, apply to subpoenas issued under G.S. 1F-3. (2011-247, s. 1.)
§ 1F-6. Application to court.
An application to the court for a protective order or to enforce, quash, or modify a subpoena issued by a clerk of court under G.S. 1F-3 must comply with the rules or statutes of this State and be submitted to the court in the county in which discovery is to be conducted. Where a dispute exists between the parties to the action, the party opposing the discovery shall apply for appropriate relief to the court in which the action is pending and not to the court in the state in which the discovery is sought. (2011-247, s. 1.)
§ 1F-7. Uniformity of application and construction.
In applying and construing this Chapter, consideration shall be given to the need to promote uniformity of the law with respect to its subject matter among states that have enacted the Uniform Interstate Depositions and Discovery
Act. (2011-247, s. 1.)