Uniform Interstate Depositions and Discovery Act-South Dakota
The Uniform Law Commission promulgated the Uniform Interstate Depositions and Discovery Act (UIDDA) in 2007. The goal of UIDDA is to make it more efficient and inexpensive to depose out-of-state individuals and to produce discoverable materials located out of the trial state.
Under UIDDA, litigants can present a clerk of the court located in the state where discoverable materials are sought with a subpoena issued by a court in the trial state. Once the clerk receives the foreign subpoena, the clerk will issue a subpoena for service upon the person or entity on which the original subpoena is directed. The terms of the issued subpoena must incorporate the same terms as the original subpoena and contain the contact information for all counsel of record and any party not represented by counsel.
The Act requires minimal judicial oversight and eliminates the need for obtaining a commission or local counsel in the discovery state, letters rogatory, or the filing of a miscellaneous action during the discovery phase of litigation. Discovery authorized by the subpoena must comply with the rules of the state in which the discovery occurs. In addition, motions to quash, enforce, or modify a subpoena issued pursuant to the Act shall be brought in and governed by the rules of the discovery state.
Below is the guidance on issuing an out-of-state subpoena in South Dakota.
Uniform Interstate Depositions and Discovery Act Adopted – 2012
Bill Number: Court Rule
S.D. CODIFIED LAWS § 15-6-28.1 to -15-6-28.6; S.D. CODIFIED LAWS § 15-6-45
South Dakota Courts https://ujs.sd.gov
To request issuance of a subpoena under §§ 15-6-28.1 to 15-6-28.6, inclusive, a party must submit a foreign subpoena to a clerk of court in the county in which discovery is sought to be conducted in this state. A request for the issuance of a subpoena under §§ 15-6-28.1 to 15-6-28.6, inclusive, does not constitute an appearance in the courts of this state. It does create the necessary jurisdiction in the State of South Dakota to:
(i) Enforce the subpoena;
(ii) Quash or modify the subpoena;
(iii) Issue any protective order or resolve any other dispute relating to the subpoena;
(iv) Impose sanctions on the attorney requesting the issuance of the subpoena for any action which would constitute a violation of the South Dakota Rules of Civil Procedure.
An attorney who is not licensed to practice law in the State of South Dakota may petition the courts of this state to enforce or resolve any other dispute relating to a subpoena issued under this section, or may respond in the courts of this state to any petition or motion relating to the subpoena filed by any other person, without being admitted pro hac vice.
(B) When a party submits a foreign subpoena to a clerk of court in this state, the clerk shall promptly issue a subpoena for service upon the person to whom the foreign subpoena is directed.
(C) A subpoena under subsection (B) must:
(i) Conform to the requirements of the South Dakota Rules of Civil Procedure, including § 15-6-45, but may otherwise incorporate the terms used in the foreign subpoena so long as they conform to the South Dakota Rules of Civil Procedure;
(ii) Advise the person to whom the subpoena is directed that such a person has a right to petition the South Dakota court to quash or modify the subpoena under § 15-6-45(b); and
(iii) Contain or be accompanied by the names, addresses, and telephone numbers, of all counsel of record in the proceeding to which the subpoena relates and of any party not represented by counsel. Source: SL 2012, ch 256 (Supreme Court Rule 12-02), eff. July 1, 2012.