This article will provide guidance on How To Serve legal papers in Michigan. Anyone who is not a party or official of a corporate party may serve process in civil cases in Michigan. In any action in which the state or municipality is involved, a sheriff or deputy sheriff, bailiff, or court officer designated by the court may only serve writs of restitution and other processes requiring the seizure or attachment of property, or an officer of the Department of State Police may serve such a writ in any action in which the municipality is involved.  Anyone authorized to serve a writ of garnishment may do so according to Michigan Process Service.

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There are a number of requirements for Michigan Process Service. This would require a certificate stating the facts, such as the manner, time, date, and location of service if served within the state of Michigan by a sheriff, deputy sheriff, or other person authorized by these rules to receive service of process.  It is also necessary to have an acknowledgment of receipt of summons and complaint signed by the person to whom the service was directed or by another person authorized by these rules to receive service of process as proof of service. If the service was not provided at a specific address, another description of the site must be provided to identify the service location. Click Here for Frequently Asked Questions About Process Servers!

The legitimacy of the service is unaffected if proof of service is not filed. It is possible to serve a summons and complaint on a resident or nonresident by hand-delivering them to the defendant or mailing them in registered or certified mail with a return receipt sought and limited delivery to the addressee. Received mail provides proof of delivery, and therefore, service has been completed. Proof of service must include a copy of the defendant’s signature on the return receipt. Click Here for information on What Do Process Servers in Michigan Do?

If Michigan Process Service cannot reasonably be done, the court may by order authorize service of process to be given in any other way reasonably intended to provide the defendant real notice of the proceedings and a chance to be heard. Click here for information on Michigan Rules of Civil Procedure

Second, a motion for an order under the regulation must be submitted no more than fourteen days prior to the date of the motion. The address of the defendant or the last known address of the defendant or the fact that no address of the defendant is known must be included in the application in order to prove that process cannot be served under Michigan Process Service requirements. In cases when the defendant’s identity or current whereabouts is unclear, the moving party must provide evidence of their efforts to find it out. If the court orders a hearing on the motion, it is not needed. Click here for information on How To Identify A Good Process Service Agency

No Michigan Process Service may be served until the court has issued an order allowing it. Improper Michigan Process Service might have serious ramifications. Due process requires that a defendant be given notice of action by any and all methods feasible at the time[1]. Click here for information on How Rush Process Service Can Expedite Your Case.

A Michigan court may issue any kind of Michigan Process Service in any part of the state. To be dismissed for insufficient notice, an action must be dismissed for failure to deliver timely notice to a defendant as required by these Michigan Process Service standards. Click here for information on How Service of Process Ensures A Solid Foundation.

When using certified mail, the receipt must be postmarked by the postal service[2]. A postmarked mailing receipt is not necessary if the word ‘ certified mail is used in the regulation. When a requirement demands certified mail, registered mail may be utilized. Click here for information on How Process Servers Protect Your Rights: Myths Debunked

The institution’s head or a representative must be served on behalf of the institution’s head if a personal Michigan Process Service is to be performed on an individual in a government facility, hospital, or nursing home. Only a sheriff, deputy sheriff, or police officer or a court official designated by the court may serve process in civil cases involving a person’s arrest.

It is the asking party’s responsibility to arrange and file evidence of service if the method of Michigan Process Service utilized necessitates mailing a copy of the summons and complaint. Summons and copies of complaints may be served on public, municipal, quasi-municipal and governmental corporations as well as unincorporated boards and public bodies by means of [A.] board of commissioners chairman, or county clerk; [B.] city clerk, mayor, or city attorney of a municipality; [C.] the village president, clerk, or trustee; [D.] the township clerk or superintendent of a township; [E.] a school district’s president, secretary, or treasurer; [F.] the Michigan State Board of Education’s president or secretary;  or [G.] unincorporated board that oversees a state institution, its president or secretary, or another member of the board.

It is permitted for any public entity established or governed by Michigan’s constitution or statutes to use this mode of service when no other way is specifically mandated by law. The Michigan Process Service may be made on any officer who performs the same or similar tasks, regardless of title. There are two ways to get a summons and complaint in front of an officer who can be served: either handing them over to the person in charge of the office or mailing them to the officer’s office through registered mail.

Substitute service[3] may be done on a non-resident individual[4] by serving a summons and a copy of the complaint in Michigan on an agent, employee, representative, sales representative, or an individual who remains in the abode of the defendant[5].

An appointed or legally authorized agent will be responsible for providing the summons and a copy of the complaint to a defendant by serving them on an agent authorized to accept Michigan Process Service by written appointment or by law. Under legislation or court rule, a nongovernmental defendant may be served via serving of Michigan Process Service on a public official if registered mail is sent to the public officer’s office.

To avoid serving Michigan Process Service [6] on anybody who attends or returns from any court proceedings in any action in which their attendance is required, all people who travel to, attend, or return from the court hearings are protected.

In civil actions stemming from the same facts as criminal proceedings, anyone brought into this state by or after waiver of extradition on the basis of criminal charges is protected from service of personal Michigan Process Service until they have been convicted in the criminal proceeding or, if acquitted, until they have a reasonable opportunity to return to the state from which they came.

As long as there is a planned meeting of the house the legislator serves, they are not entitled to immunity from the civil procedure. As long as it is sent by certified mail, return receipt is requested, and no member of Congress WILL be exempt from the civil Michigan Process Service on the day their house is set to convene.


Any of the Great Lakes or other boundary waterways inside the state may be served with civil process by law[7]. An expansion of a county’s boundary lines in the state may involve serving civil process on any of the Great Lakes or border waters adjacent to the county to which it is to be served. Unrestricted access to Great Lakes waters within ten miles of the shores of each county is permitted in all jurisdictions where boundary lines cannot be extended.


Serving a summons and a copy of the complaint to any general partner, as well as sending a summons and a copy of the complaint by registered mail, addressed to a general partner at their usual residence or last known address, is the most common method of Michigan Process Service on a partnership or limited partnership.

A summons and a copy of the complaint can be served on an officer or the resident agent of a domestic or foreign corporation, as can a summons and a copy of the complaint be served on a director, trustee, or person in charge of a company office or business establishment and a summons and a copy of the complaint be sent by registered mail to the principal office of the corporation. Additionally, a summons and a copy of the complaint can be served on a director, trustee, or person in charge of the corporation.

If the corporation fails to appoint and maintain a resident agent or to file a certificate of that appointment as required by law or if the corporation fails to keep up its organization by the appointment of officers, the summons can be served upon the Secretary of State. This is also relevant if the corporation’s term of existence has expired, wherein a summons and a copy of the complaint must be sent to an appropriate corporation officer and the Michigan Corporation and Securities Bureau.

Associations that are not formally formed, such as partnerships or non-profits, will require that a summons and complaint copy may be served on a partnership association or an unincorporated voluntary association. Thereinafter, a summons and complaint copy may be sent by registered mail addressed to an association’s office in order to serve Michigan Process Service on a partnership association or a voluntary unincorporated association. It is possible to send a summons and complaint to another member of the association rather than the individual on whom the summons and complaint were served if an office cannot be established.

Service on an insurer may be accomplished by delivering or mailing two summonses and one copy of the complaint to the office of the Commissioner of Insurance, as authorized by legislation.


A subpoena may be served anywhere in the state of Michigan. At the time of serving the subpoena, the charge for attendance and travel must be paid to the individual named in the summons. There must be a tender in cash, by money order, by cashier’s cheque, or by check drawn on account of an attorney or the attorney’s authorized agent in order for the case to proceed.

Another method of serving a subpoena is to send the summons to the witness and a postage-paid card to the party seeking service. After the witness has been in court, the acknowledgment card must specify that the payments for attendance and travel are to be paid to the witness[8].

There is no need to pay any costs in serving a subpoena addressed at a particular party or its officers, directors, or managing agents[9]. No person qualified to vote in an election may be served with a legal process on the day of the election. Even so, a judge in any circuit may issue a restraining order or permit the issuing and service or execution of a writ on any election day if sufficient reason is proven by affidavit to their satisfaction.

No Michigan Process Service may be served or performed on Sunday in the civil justice system. It’s still possible to get an order on Sunday, as long as there is enough evidence to convince any circuit court that it is warranted by adequate evidence presented in an affidavit.

how to domesticate an OUT-OF-STATE SUBPOENA in michigan

Issuing an out-of-state subpoena pursuant to the Uniform Interstate Deposition and Discovery Act (UIDDA)-Michigan, the clerk of the court in the county where discovery is to be performed in this state must be presented with a foreign subpoena before it may be requested that a subpoena be issued under this section. Subpoenas issued under this law do not obligate a person to appear in court in Michigan.

Second, the clerk of a court in this state must swiftly issue a summons to the person to whom the international subpoena is sent, in line with that court’s process.

A subpoena issued for a foreign defendant must include: [A.]   the terminology appropriate for the subpoena from abroad; and [B.]  part of the subpoena, it must include or be accompanied with the names, addresses, and phone numbers of all counsel of record and of any party that is not represented by counsel.


Documents can be faxed at (800) 296-0115, emailed, mailed, or dropped off at any of our locations. We do require pre-payment and accept all major credit and debit cards. Once payment is processed, your sales receipt is immediately emailed for your records.

Drop-offs must call and make an appointment first to be added to building security to permit access to our office. Documents for service must be in a sealed envelope with payment in the form of a money order or attorney check (WE DO NOT ACCEPT CASH) payable to UNDISPUTED LEGAL INC.; All documents are received by our receptionist.


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New York: (212) 203-8001 – 590 Madison Avenue, 21st Floor, New York, New York 10022
Brooklyn: (347) 983-5436 – 300 Cadman Plaza West, 12th Floor, Brooklyn, New York 11201
Queens: (646) 357-3005 – 118-35 Queens Blvd, Suite 400, Forest Hills, New York 11375
Long Island: (516) 208-4577 – 626 RXR Plaza, 6th Floor, Uniondale, New York 11556
Westchester: (914) 414-0877 – 50 Main Street, 10th Floor, White Plains, New York 10606
Connecticut: (203) 489-2940 – 500 West Putnam Avenue, Suite 400, Greenwich, Connecticut 06830
New Jersey: (201) 630-0114 – 101 Hudson Street, 21 Floor, Jersey City, New Jersey 07302
Washington DC: (202) 655-4450 – 1101 Pennsylvania Avenue, N.W. Suite 300, Washington DC 20004


Simply pick up the phone and call Toll Free (800) 774-6922 or click the service you want to purchase. Our dedicated team of professionals is ready to assist you. We can handle all your process service needs; no job is too small or too large!  For a complete list of our Michigan Process Service Coverage Areas, Click Here!

Contact us for more information about our process-serving agency. We are ready to provide service of process to all our clients globally from our offices in New York, Brooklyn, Queens, Long Island, Westchester, New Jersey, Connecticut, and Washington, D.C.

“Quality is never an accident; it is always the result of high intention, a sincere effort, intelligent direction, and skillful execution; it represents the wise choice of many alternatives”– Foster, William A


[1] These rules include provisions for serving of process. Michigan courts’ jurisdiction over a defendant is neither limited nor expanded by these provisions. Under the United States Constitution and the rules of the state of Michigan, a court’s jurisdiction over a defendant is limited. According to MSA 27A.701 and MCL 600.701 et al.

[2] Registered mail and certified mail, and return receipt requested are interchangeable terms in the context of regulation if they are used in the same sentence.

[3] . As a matter of public policy, courts want to avoid the overuse of substitute services and the default judgment it can cause. Sechler v. Van Hoey, 83 Mich.App. 252, 268 N.W.2d 364 (1978).

[4] A diligent search for an absentee defendant is necessary to supply a fair foundation for and legitimacy to the ordering of substituted service. Kreuger v. Williams, 300 N.W.2d 910 (Mich. 1981); appeal dismissed 101 S.Ct. 3102, 452 U.S. 956.

[5] Process Service can also be done on a minor by serving a summons and a copy of the complaint on a person having care and custody of the minor in accordance with Michigan law.

[6] 600.1835 Civil procedure; privileged individuals. In [M.S.A. 27a], a .1835]

[7] 600.1841 Service on the Great Lakes or the boundary waters of the Great Lakes In [M.S.A. 27a], a .1841]

[8] The state of Michigan compiled its legislation for exemptions from civil process under 600.1831 in [M.S.A. 27A], A .1831]

[9] In accordance with MCR 2.107.

[10] Subpoena requests do not initiate new cases; hence no case-type code and no filing fee should be collected.

[11] Under 2012 PA 362, every move to enforce, dismiss or alter a subpoena must be submitted in conformity with the Michigan Court Rules. The party making the motion is required under MCL 600.2529 and MCR 2.119 to pay a motion fee (G).

On April 1, 2013, 2012, PA 362 became applicable to all outstanding cases.


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