Slovakia Process Service
Process service, also known as "service of process,” is the procedure employed to give appropriate notice of initial legal action to another party (such as a defendant), court, or administrative body in an effort to exercise jurisdiction over that person so as to enable that person to respond to the proceeding before the court, body, or other tribunals. Notice is furnished by delivering a set of court documents (called "process") to the person to be served, process service is performed by a process server.
Slovakia PROCESS SERVERs
Slovakia process servers serve civil and commercial matters pursuant to the Hague Service Convention, which is a multilateral treaty adopted in Hague, Netherlands on November 15, 1965, by member states of the Hague Conference on Private International Law. It came into existence to give litigants a reliable and efficient means of serving the documents on parties living, operating, or based in another country. The provisions of the convention apply to the service of process in civil and commercial matters but not criminal matters. Also, the Convention shall not apply if the address of the person to be served with the document is not known.
Method of Service
The courts are responsible for serving documents on the addressees.
Article 5(1)(a) Service
Service under Article 5(1)(a) is done either by the court summoning the addressee and handing over the documents, or by postal service (a special form of delivery, so-called "service into own hands", with the possibility of alternative service by deposit, under the strict circumstances prescribed by law). Postal service is done only if a Slovak translation is attached to the documents or if it can be concluded that the addressee understands the language of the document. In special cases, the court may use the court bailiff, police officer, municipality, or the Ministry of Justice to serve.
Article 5(2) Service
Informal delivery is done by the court, which summons the addressee and informs him of the possibility to refuse service. If he accepts, the documents are handed over; if he does not accept, the request is returned without execution. Service by a particular method Article 5(1)(b) Service Service "into own hands" may be required (i.e. no other person but the addressee may receive the document).
For more information on methods of service, see European Judicial Network in Civil and Commercial Matters – Service of documents – Slovakia.
The documents (except for judgments, summons to the hearing and documents to be served „into own hands“) can be served by electronic means if the addressee requested this mean and informed the court of his electronic address.
A translation into Slovak is required for service under Article 5(1)(a) unless it can be concluded that the addressee understands the language of the document. Such presumption is applied to the nationals of the requesting State residing on the territory of Slovakia unless specifically pointed out by the requesting authority.
Specific agreement on language requirements exists only in relation to the Czech Republic. However, provisions concerning language requirements in bilateral treaties regulating judicial assistance might be applicable.
Timeline for Execution
The Hague Service Convention established a more simplified means for parties to effect service in other contracting states. Under the convention, each contracting state is required to designate a central authority to accept incoming requests for service. A judicial officer who is competent to serve process in the state of origin is permitted to send a request for service directly to the central authority of the state where service is to be made. Upon receiving the request, the central authority in the receiving state arranges for service in a manner permitted within the receiving state, typically through a local court. Once service is effected, the central authority sends a certificate of service to the judicial officer who made the request.
Documents can be faxed (800) 296-0115, emailed firstname.lastname@example.org or uploaded on our website. We do require prepayment and accept all major credit and debit cards. Once payment is processed your sales receipt is immediately emailed for your records.
Drop-offs must call and make an appointment first to be added to building security to permit access to our office. Documents for service must be in a sealed envelope with payment in form of a money order or attorney check (WE DO NOT ACCEPT CASH) payable to UNDISPUTED LEGAL INC., All documents will be received by our receptionist.
New York: (212) 203-8001 – 590 Madison Avenue, 21st Floor, New York, New York 10022
Brooklyn: (347) 983-5436 – 300 Cadman Plaza West, 12th Floor, Brooklyn, New York 11201
Queens: (646) 357-3005 – 118-35 Queens Blvd, Suite 400, Forest Hills, New York 11375
Long Island: (516) 208-4577 – 626 RXR Plaza, 6th Floor, Uniondale, New York 11556
Westchester: (914) 414-0877 – 50 Main Street, 10th Floor, White Plains, New York 10606
Connecticut: (203) 489-2940 – 500 West Putnam Avenue, Suite 400, Greenwich, Connecticut 06830
New Jersey: (201) 630-0114 - 101 Hudson Street, 21 Floor, Jersey City, New Jersey 07302
Washington DC: (202) 655-4450 - 2200 Pennsylvania Avenue, 4 Fl East, Washington DC 20037
for assistance serving legal papers in Slovakia
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