This article will provide guidance on How To Serve legal papers in New Mexico. The clerk will immediately issue a summons and deliver it to New Mexico Process Service after receiving the complaint. Separate or supplementary summonses may be issued against any defendants at the request of the plaintiff. The summons may be waived by any defendant.

Summons execution will require the name of the court where the action is brought, the name of the county where the complaint is filed, the docket number of the case; and the name of the first party on each side, with an appropriate indication of the other parties; and the name of each party to whom the summons is directed; and the summons will be signed by the clerk, issued under the seal of the court, and addressed to each party.

The summons must also contain the plaintiff’s demand for the remedy sought in the complaint and a notice that if the defendant does not respond within thirty (30) days of New Mexico Process Service of the summons and file a responding pleading or motion, the plaintiff will apply to the court. If the plaintiff has an attorney, they must be named and their address included in every summons; otherwise, the plaintiff’s address must be included.


A copy of the summons will be served to the person summoned. It is required that a copy of the summons be served with a copy of the complaint attached. The plaintiff is required to provide the person performing service with all necessary copies.

First-class mail, postage paid, is the preferred method for serving summons and complaints on a defendant of any class referred to. In addition, two copies of a notice and acknowledgment in accordance with the form, along with a return envelope, postage prepaid, are mailed to the person to be served and addressed to the sender. Without an acknowledgment from the recipient within twenty (20) days following the date of mailing, the summons and complaint will be served by a person authorized. Suppose the person served does not return the summons within twenty (20) days after receiving the notice and acknowledgment of receipt. In that case, the court will require the person served to pay the personal New Mexico Process Service costs.

It is necessary to serve a copy of the summons and the complaint to the individual or leave them at the location where they were found. If they refuse or allow them to be left, such action shall constitute a valid New Mexico Process Service. If the individual refuses to receive or allow them to be left, such action shall constitute valid service. 

HOW TO SERVE legal papers ON A CORPORATION in new Mexico

New Mexico Process Service may be served on a domestic or foreign corporation by delivering a copy of the summons and complaint to an officer, managing or general agent, or any other agent authorized by appointment or by law to receive service of process, as well as mailing a copy to the defendant, as required by statute, to an authorized agent for service. A refusal to accept the copies constitutes proper service if the recipient does not accept them. The process or other documents to be served may be delivered to the person in charge at the primary office or site during normal business hours if none of the individuals listed are accessible. 

As soon as possible after serving a New Mexico Process Service document, the person in charge of delivering it must submit evidence of service document to a court. When the sheriff (or a deputy) of the county in New Mexico performs service, documentation must be provided in the form of a certificate; otherwise, proof must be provided in the form of an affidavit. The sender must return the acknowledgment received if New Mexico Process Service is provided. The date and location of mailing must be included on the return if the service is performed inside the state. The legitimacy of the service is unaffected by the failure to provide evidence of service.


Service by publication exists in actions in which relief sought does not necessitate personal New Mexico Process Service, and the party to be served is so located that process cannot be personally served on the party within the state or in situations where the party to be served is a New Mexico resident who has effectively prevented service on the party by deliberate concealment to avoid service of process.

When a sworn pleading or affidavit stating that a defendant (whether an individual, corporation, partnership, or association): lives or has gone out of the state, or is concealed within the state; or, in appropriate cases, is deliberately concealed to avoid service, the clerk of the court shall issue a notice of the action or proceeding.  Affiants are required to indicate if and when they know where an accused person’s house is located. If they don’t, they are required to report that information. Any defendant’s residence is known by the plaintiff or the plaintiff’s agent or attorney and must be notified thirty-five (35) days prior to the final judgment or decree being rendered. A copy of the summons and complaint must be deposited in the postal service at the defendant’s residence. In order to establish mailing, an affidavit from the sender must be presented with the court case.

The notice of pendency of action must include the name of the plaintiff and the name of the defendant, or if there is more than one defendant, a statement of the general purposes for which constructive service is sought. However, the notice will not include the name of the court in which it is pending or a statement of the general goals of the action. The notification must be signed by the clerk and sealed with the court’s seal.

Third, the notice must be published in a local newspaper, or if there is no local newspaper, then in a publication of broad distribution in the county where the matter is pending. Suppose the affidavit of the newspaper’s publisher, management, or agent proves the notice was published. In that case, it will be accepted as an adequate service of process and valid in law, and the plaintiff may proceed with the case to a final decision.

Suppose a second publication is required due to an omission or misidentification of parties. In that case, the second publication must be identical to the first, except that only those omitted or misidentified people must be listed against whom substituted service is sought. The publishing of a summons served outside of the state is equal. If an out-of-state summons and complaint are served in person, it is equal to service by publishing or mailing. The defendant will have thirty (30) days from the date of service to reply as required by law. An affidavit of the person performing the service is required for its return.

When any process has not been returned, or has been returned without service, or has been incorrectly served, it will be the obligation of the clerk to issue a fresh process as the party applying may request.

Courts have the discretion to order service by any method or combination of methods (including publication) that is reasonable under all the circumstances to provide a reasonable opportunity for the defendant to appear and defend against the action and to inform them of its existence.


The secretary of state’s office may be used to deliver a copy of a summons and complaint to anybody subject to the jurisdiction of New Mexico for a cost of USD10. Suppose the plaintiff or their attorney sends notice and an exact copy of the process to the defendant as soon as possible by registered mail, postage prepaid, at the defendant’s last known address in the state or country in which they reside. In that case, service will be equivalent in legal force and effect to serve the defendant in that state or country.

It is necessary to provide a copy of the defendant’s return receipt, as well as an affidavit signed by the plaintiff or their attorney, attesting to the plaintiff’s and his attorney’s adherence to the requirements of the section. If the defendant does not receive or accept notice and a copy of the process, the court may order any further notice that is necessary for the interests of justice.


Every subpoena must include [A.] the name and address of the court from which it was issued [B.] the title and civil action number of the proceeding [C.] the person to whom the subpoena is directed to appear and give testimony or produce and permit inspection of and copying of designated books, documents or tangible things in their possession, custody or control or permit the inspection of premises as specified in the subpoena at the time and place specified. A command to produce evidence or allow inspection may be issued in conjunction with an order to appear at a trial, hearing, or deposition, or it can be issued on its own.

Secondly, all subpoenas must be issued from the district court in which the case is currently being litigated. Third, the clerk will give a blank subpoena to the party seeking it, and the party must fill it out before it can be served. As an official of the court, a lawyer licensed to practice law in New Mexico who represents a party may also issue and sign a subpoena.

There are no restrictions on where subpoenas may be served inside the state, and anybody not affiliated with the case and who is at least eighteen (18) years old can do so. If a person is listed in the subpoena, the summons must be served by delivering the subpoena to that person, and, if the subpoena requires that person’s presence:

The administrative office of the courts may pay witnesses from funds appropriated by the legislature to the administrative office of the courts for the payment of state witnesses or for the payment of witnesses in indigency cases by processing for payment to such witnesses the fee and mileage set forth in the regulation. This fee can also be done for all persons not described in this paragraph by tendering to that person the full fee for one day’s expenses set forth in the regulation. Prorated per-diem fees will not be allowed. A full day’s expenditures must be paid for each day of attendance if it is necessary for more than one day. Fees and travel are not required when the subpoena is issued on behalf of the state or an official or agency. 

By submitting a return with the clerk of the court in the form specified by the Supreme Court, proof of service may be provided.

It is permitted to serve a subpoena under the Uniform Interstate Deposition and Discovery Act (UIDDA New Mexico) in accordance with the law or regulation of the jurisdiction where the case is ongoing. In order to avoid putting an unreasonable hardship or cost on the subject of the subpoena, a party or an attorney responsible for the issuing and delivery of a subpoena must take reasonable measures. A suitable consequence, including but not limited to lost wages and a fair attorney’s fee, may be imposed by the court issuing the subpoena on the party or attorney who fails to comply with this responsibility.

A person whose books, papers, records, or physical items are to be inspected and copied does not need to attend in person at the location of the inspection or production unless ordered for deposition, hearing, or trial.

A person who is not a party or an officer of a party but who is required to travel more than one hundred (100) miles in order to comply with a subpoena is not required to comply with the subpoena if the subpoena requires disclosure of a trade secret or other confidential research, development, or commercial information, or an unretained expert’s opinion or information not describing specific events or occurrences in dispute and resulting from the expert’s study made not at the request of any party.

Documents that must be produced in response to a subpoena must be produced in the manner in which they are normally preserved in the course of business or organized and labeled in accordance with the categories requested. The assertion that information sought by subpoena is privileged or protected as trial preparation materials must be stated explicitly. 

for assistance serving legal papers in New MExico

Simply pick up the phone and call Toll Free (800) 774-6922 or click the service you want to purchase. Our dedicated team of professionals is ready to assist you. We can handle all your process service needs; no job is too small or too large!

Contact us for more information about our process serving agency. We are ready to provide service of process to all our clients globally from our offices in New York, Brooklyn, Queens, Long Island, Westchester, New Jersey, Connecticut, and Washington D.C.

“Quality is never an accident; it is always the result of high intention, sincere effort, intelligent direction, and skillful execution; it represents the wise choice of many alternatives” – Foster, William A


1. Unless otherwise specified by the court, all civil processes can be served by the county sheriff or any other adult over eighteen (18) years who is not a party to the action. This does not apply to writs of attachment, replevin, or habeas corpus, which must be served by an adult, not a party to the action over eighteen (18) years.

2. Process or other papers may be served on a person over fifteen (15) who lives at the defendant’s usual residence. Suppose no one is available or willing to accept delivery. In that case, service may be made by posting such copies in the defendant’s most public area and by mail at the defendant’s last known mailing address if the individual is absent. 

3. Unknown heirs of the deceased persons’ shall suffice in the complaint and notice of pendency of action in cases where unknown heirs are parties or where the defendants are named by name, if living, or if deceased, are designated as unknown heirs of such named party. The names of the various deceased persons are then followed by ‘Unknown heirs of the above named deceased persons.’

4. Notifications stating the broad purpose of an activity do not have to include detailed information about the property concerned. It is still sufficient to refer to such property only as ‘the property described in the complaint in the cause’ and to identify its location by the county, sections, and townships. It ranges if it is on land officially surveyed by section or the land granted in which it is located if it’s in a Spanish, Mexican, or other grants.

5. Notice must be issued to each party in accordance with Rule 1-005 prior to or concurrently with the service of any subpoena directing the production of documents and things or the examination of premises before trial.

Three) A deposition may be needed within one hundred (100) miles of where a person lives, works, or transacts business in person or at any other location determined by the court as appropriate for that person to appear. 

6. Subpoenas for depositions may be issued for actions outside of the state under Section 38-8-1 NMSA 1978 if a miscellaneous proceeding has been filed for service in the court district in which the subpoena is to be served, as stated in the statutes. The subpoena may be issued and served once the miscellaneous action is docketed as permitted by this rule.

7. a person ordered to produce and permit inspection and copying may serve written objections to inspection or copying of any or all of the designated materials or the premises within fourteen (14) days of service of the subpoena or before the time specified for compliance if such time is less than fourteen (14) days after service. As long as an objection is filed, the party serving the subpoena will not be able to view and copy any documents or investigate any premises unless the subpoena was issued in accordance with a court’s order. The party serving the subpoena may, at any time, petition for an order to compel the production of the requested information. Anyone who isn’t a party or an official of a party won’t have to pay for the extensive scrutiny and copying required by such a court order.


The information contained herein has been prepared in compliance with Section 107 of the Copyright Act. Fair use is a legal doctrine that promotes freedom of expression by permitting the unlicensed use of copyright-protected works. The articles/Images contained herein serve as criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching, educational, and research-as examples of activities that qualify as fair use. Undisputed Legal Inc. is a Process Service Agency and “Not A Law Firm” therefore the articles/images contained herein are for educational purposes only, and not intended as legal advice.