This article will guide What Do Process Servers in Montana Do? Any person in Montana who delivers more than ten documents as a service in a year needs to register as a process server and get a registration certificate. With this credential, process servers in Montana may also collect levies on behalf of their clients. The minimum surety bond required for registration is ten thousand dollars per person and a hundred thousand dollars per business. A process server cannot levy more than its bond allows. Click Here for Frequently Asked Questions About Process Servers!

Applicants must also pass a written examination based on the Handbook for Process Servers in Montana Department of Labor and Industry published. Click here for information on How Rush Process Service Can Expedite Your Case.


The state courts of Montana have jurisdiction over any cases involving residents of Montana. The courts of this state also have jurisdiction over any claim for relief that arises from the following conduct, whether committed by the plaintiff directly or via an employee or agent. Click here for information on How Service of Process Ensures A Solid Foundation.

The plaintiff (or the plaintiff’s attorney, if an attorney represents the plaintiff) must submit a summons to the clerk for the issue at the time of (or shortly after) the filing of the complaint. The clerk will issue the summons and provide it to the plaintiff or the plaintiff’s attorney, who will then serve it on the defendant in accordance with the regulations. Any party named in the initial action and any other parties who may be brought into the action may request that the clerk issue a second or extra summons, which must be served in the same way and within the same time limits as the original summons. The burden of proof for appropriate issuance and service of the summons rests with the party seeking its issuance. Click here for information on How Process Servers Protect Your Rights: Myths Debunked

For the process to be adequately conducted in Montana, it is preferable to serve it through a private process server. Sheriffs or other officials are qualified to provide service. Still, private process servers in Montana are not as restricted by narrow delivery windows and also are able to assure further accountability for every single document. For Undisputed Legal, service of court documents in Montana is performed only by experienced process servers in Montana who meet all of the latest licensing, education, and bonding requirements imposed by the jurisdiction in which they operate. Service of process may be made in any county in this state by a registered process server. 


The summons must bear the clerk’s signature and official seal, identify the court and the parties, be addressed to the defendant, including the name and address of the plaintiff’s attorney (if any; otherwise, the plaintiff’s address), specify the date by which the defendant must appear and defend, and inform the defendant that if they fail to do so, a default judgment will be entered against them. To avoid issues of process in this manner, it is preferable to consult with a private process server well-versed in Montana service who can handle the delivery of documents with the least hassle. 

If the person served does not complete and return the notice and acknowledgment of receipt of the summons within twenty days after the date of mailing, the person served will be ordered to pay the expenses of the personal service. A signature and date are required on the complaint acknowledgment and notice of service. As of the day the defendant signs the acknowledgment, service of the summons and complaint will be considered complete.

Service of process may be made on any person, other than an infant or an incompetent person, by delivering a copy of the summons and of the complaint to the person personally or to an agent authorized by appointment or by law to receive process of process.  However, if the agent is designated by statute to receive service of process, such further notice as the statute requires shall be given.

At Undisputed Legal, we ensure that service is done strictly within the timelines provided. We offer an efficient and reliable method of serving papers through personal service, mail service, or substituted service. All types of legal paperwork (summonses, complaints, divorce papers, family court documents, subpoenas, citations, small claims court cases, orders to show cause, petitions, discovery documents, evictions, landlord/tenant notifications, motions, and so on) are served by our process servers in Montana. We are a full-service process-serving agency in Montana, meaning that we assist clients from all levels of government, as well as private businesses and individuals seeking legal counsel.


Where service upon any person cannot, with due diligence, be made personally within this state, service of summons and complaint may be made by service outside Montana in the manner provided for service within this state, with the same force and effect as though service had been made within this state. 

Whenever a Montana statute or an order of the court or a citation by the court made pursuant thereto provides for service of a notice or of an order or a citation in lieu of summons upon any person, service will be made under the circumstances and in the manner prescribed by the statute, order, or citation. 

We employ process servers in Montana, enabling us to supply our customers with expert process servers. We provide service across states,  delivering three (3) levels of Montana Process Service. Our clients may choose between two processing times as well. We offer Rush Service, where the server will make their first attempt at service within five to seven business days, as well as Routine Service, wherein the server will make their first attempt at service within forty-eight hours. We also provide mail service, where documents will be sent out within twenty-four hours of receiving the request for mailing. 

The process server in Montana will make up to three (3) tries, regardless of the chosen service level.  The attempts will be made in the morning, afternoon, and evening for every service level, since the only difference between them is the timeline.


The sender filing should make a return of service with the court the acknowledgment received pursuant to such subdivision if service is effected. The service is still valid even if proof of service is not provided. The time, date, location, and method of service must be included in the certificate or affidavit of service referred to in this subsection.

When a person other than the sheriff or a person designated by law serves a process, pleading, order of the court, or other paper, the affidavit of service must include information about the date and location of the service, as well as the identity of the person making the service and their proof of age. It also should specify that the person conducting such service understood that the person served was the person identified in the documents and the person intended to be served. 

Procedures for issuing and serving legal documents must be completed within a certain time frame. A summons must be issued and service completed within three years of the complaint being filed. Suppose the plaintiff does not have the summons issued or fails to complete service within three years of filing a complaint. In that case, the court will dismiss the case without prejudice upon request or on its initiative unless the defendant has appeared.

At Undisputed Legal, we ensure that our clients are kept in the loop for all their process service requests. We provide an email copy of the affidavit to our clients and a GPS affidavit of service so that our clients can easily track where their documents are. We also provide personalized ‘Real-Time’ email status updates and an email copy of the affidavit prior to mailing.

 Additionally, we provide a free basic skip trace for new clients


The defendant is instructed to react to the claims in the complaint by submitting a response to the lawsuit within a stipulated period. The mode of serving determines whether the service is complete and when the defendant’s answer is due. Montana courts have provisions that demand a response from a defendant in an allotted number of days, depending on the kind of case.

Once the service is completed, a ‘discovery phase’ occurs. Discovery is when the parties collect evidence to pursue or defend the lawsuit. The plaintiff may commence discovery depending upon the dating service is complete. The techniques of discovery decide the precise moment. Discovery starts immediately for the defendant following service. During the discovery phase, process servers deliver documents like subpoenas for depositions, notice to the opposing party to force further discovery such as interrogatories or a notice to produce records, and notice of a motion. At Undisputed Legal, our process servers deliver subpoenas and other trial documents and ensure that the required service to complete due diligence is enacted. For evasive defendants, Undisputed Legal as an agency specializes in skip trace and location of said defendants and ensures that the service is accomplished.

During a trial, process servers may also play a role by delivering subpoenas to unaffiliated witnesses or by giving notice to the other side in order to force the presence or production of witnesses and documents. If a witness was deposed in the case and they cannot be served with a trial Subpoena, a statement of diligent effort or unavailability of the witness may be submitted to enable the prior deposition to be shown in the record.


Documents can be faxed at (800) 296-0115, emailed to ps@undisputedlegal.com, or uploaded on our website. We do require prepayment and accept all major credit and debit cards. Once payment is processed, your sales receipt is immediately emailed for your records.

Drop-offs must call and make an appointment first to be added to building security to permit access to our office. Documents for service must be in a sealed envelope with payment in the form of a money order or attorney check (WE DO NOT ACCEPT CASH) payable to UNDISPUTED LEGAL INC.; Our receptionist receives all documents.


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Washington DC: (202) 655-4450 – 1101 Pennsylvania Avenue, N.W. Suite 300, Washington DC 20004

Simply pick up the phone and call Toll Free (800) 774-6922 or click the service you want to purchase. Our dedicated team of professionals is ready to assist you. We can handle all your process service needs; no job is too small or too large!  Click Here for a complete list of our Montana Process Service Coverage Areas!

Contact us for more information about our process-serving agency. We are ready to provide service of process to all our clients globally from our offices in New York, Brooklyn, Queens, Long Island, Westchester, New Jersey, Connecticut, and Washington, D.C.

“Quality is never an accident; it is always the result of high intention, sincere effort, intelligent direction, and skillful execution; it represents the wise choice of many alternatives”– Foster, William A


1. Definition of process from Montana Code —’ Process’ includes all writs, warrants, summonses, and orders of courts of justice or judicial authorities.

This is any mechanism employed by a court to acquire or exercise its jurisdiction over a person or a specified property.

The filing of a complaint with the court initiates a legal conflict. The court does not automatically have jurisdiction over the defendant(s) just because a case has been filed. The defendant(s) must be served with the lawsuit (or must voluntarily submit to the jurisdiction of the court) for the court to have jurisdiction over him or her.

2. Mailing a copy of the summons and complaint (first-class mail, postage prepaid) to the person to be served, along with two copies of a notice and acknowledgment conforming substantially to form 18-A and a return envelope, postage prepaid, addressed to the defendant, if the defendant is an individual and not a minor or an incompetent person, is another method of service. 

3. Use of the term ‘registered process server’ or ‘levying officer’ is reserved for future use under Section 25-1-1101. Except as specified in paragraph (2), (1) a person must register under Title 37, chapter 60 if they perform more than ten services of process, as defined in 25-3-101, within this state in a calendar year. Suppose a process server in this state has a current certificate of registration issued by a clerk of court as of July 1, 2007. In that case, he or she may turn that certificate in to the Board and get a new certificate with an expiration date of March 31, 2009.

4. If only some of the defendants are served with the summons, the case can move forward to trial and judgment against those defendants, and the plaintiff can issue a new summons to the defendant who wasn’t served with the first one at any point

5. The new summons would require the unserved defendant to appear in court and provide an explanation for why they should not be added to the suit. Upon such defendant being duly served with such process, the court shall hear and determine the matter in the same manner as if such defendant had been originally brought into court. Such defendant shall also be allowed the benefit of any payment or satisfaction which may have been made on the judgment before recovered.

6. Within three years following the initial complaint in action, a plaintiff who names a fictitious defendant may file an amended complaint to replace a genuine defendant for the fake one, as provided for in 25-5-103, MCA. As regards the newly identified defendant, the three-year term for issue and service in paragraph (1) of this rule must commence from the date of the initial complaint.

7. A process server may be involved in the collection or execution of a judgment if one is issued. A writ of execution may be issued and served to seize the assets of the party that lost the lawsuit in the event that they do not pay the winner. The court can require the losing party to attend for examination in order to reveal its assets if the winning party does not know where or in what form they are held.


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